ChemSpider 2D Image | Diacetone alcohol | C6H12O2

Diacetone alcohol

  • Molecular FormulaC6H12O2
  • Average mass116.158 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass116.083733 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13838151

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Diacetone alcohol [Wiki]
123-42-2 [RN]
2-Pentanone, 4-hydroxy-4-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanon [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Hydroxy-4-méthyl-2-pentanone [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-hydroxy-4-methylpentan-2-one
204-626-7 [EINECS]
2-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pentanone
2-Methyl-2-pentanol-4-one
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

24220_RIEDEL [DBID]
31450_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-00045 [DBID]
BRN 1740440 [DBID]
Caswell No. 280 [DBID]
CCRIS 6177 [DBID]
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 033901 [DBID]
H41544_ALDRICH [DBID]
HSDB 1152 [DBID]
MFCD00004471 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless liquid with a faint, minty odor. NIOSH SA9100000
      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, amines,ammonia, strong acids, strong bases, alkalies, aluminium. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 4000 mg kg-1, IPR-MUS LD50 933 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      24/25 Alfa Aesar A16248
      3 Alfa Aesar A16248
      36 Alfa Aesar A16248
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar A16248
      H226-H319 Alfa Aesar A16248
      P210-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar A16248
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar A16248
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately Skin: Water flush promptly Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately NIOSH SA9100000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH SA9100000
    • Symptoms:

      Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; corneal damage; in animals: narcosis, liver damage NIOSH SA9100000
    • Target Organs:

      Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver NIOSH SA9100000
    • Incompatibility:

      Strong oxidizers, strong alkalis NIOSH SA9100000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet or contaminated Change: No recommendation NIOSH SA9100000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 ) OSHA PEL : TWA 50 ppm (240 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH SA9100000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      845 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_159868, replib_62051, replib_288564, replib_233660, replib_249141
      818 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.C.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, 2002.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.C.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, 2002.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jantan, I.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R., Constituents of the essential oil of Leptospermum javanicum blume from peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 10, 1995, 255-258.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of poultry byproduct meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 831-834.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      798 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.C.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, 2002.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1369 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.C.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, 2002.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      815 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min); CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 123-132., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 37(12), 1990, 946-952.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      816.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -10 0C (3 min) ^ 50 0C/min -> 40 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min); CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watanabe, A.; Ueda, Y.; Higuchi, M.; Shiba, N., Analysis of volatile compounds in beef fat by dinamic-headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Food Sci., 73(5), 2008, 420-425., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.75 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography, in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      817 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 37(12), 1990, 946-952.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 123422; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 79, 2008, 172-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cho, S.-K.; Abd El-Aty, A.M.; Choi, J.-H.; Kim, M.R.; Shim, J.H., Optimized conditions for the extraction of secondary volatile metabolites in Angelica roots by accelerated solvent extraction, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 44, 2007, 1154-1158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Changizi, S., Essential oils composition of Stachys byzantina, S. inflata, S. lavandulifolia and S. laxa from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 300-303., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 344-346., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Rostami, B., The essential oil composition of Teucrium chamaedrys L. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 544-546.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      818 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, IOBC wprs Bull., 25, 2002, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, IOBC wprs Bull., 25, 2002, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      860.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tellez, M.R.; Canel, C.; Rimando, A.M.; Duke, S.O., Differential accumulation of isoprenoids in glanded and glandless Artemisia annua L, Phytochemistry, 52, 1999, 1035-1040.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      851 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min); CAS no: 123422; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Timon, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martin, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5143-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1375 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: TC-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kurose, K.; Yatagai, M., Components of the essential oils of Azadirachta indica A. Juss, Azadirachta siamensis Velton, and Azadirachta excelsa (Jack) Jacobs and their comparison, J. Wood Sci., 51, 2005, 185-188.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1339 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 92, 2005, 221-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1352.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 123422; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, IOBC wprs Bull., 25, 2002, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1369 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bruce, T.J.; Cork, A.; Hall, D.R.; Dunkelblum, E., Laboratory and field evaluation of floral odours from African marigold, Tagetes erecta, and sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, as kairomones for the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, IOBC wprs Bull., 25, 2002, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2010-2015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1390 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidant properties of aroma compounds isolated from soybeans and mung beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 4290-4293.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1359 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3463-3469.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1376 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1380 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1371.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1358 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Var. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3702-3705., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nykanen, I., High Resolution Gas Chromatographic - Mass Spectrometric determination of the Flavour Composition of Wild Majoram (Origanum vulgare L.) Cultivated in Finland, Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch, 183, 1986, 267-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1396 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Campeanu, G.; Burcea, M.; Doneanu, C.; Namolosanu, I.; Visan, L., GC/MS characterization of the volatiles isolated from the wines obtained from the indigenous cultivar Feteasca Regala, Analusis, 26, 1998, 93-97.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1340 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 532-537.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1343 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 532-537.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1345 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1316 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      844 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Osorio, C.; Alarcon, M.; Moreno, C.; Bonilla, A.; Barrios, J.; Garzon, C.; Duque, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Champa ( Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 509-516.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      816 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brat, P.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Reynes, M.; Cogat, P.-O.; Olle, D., Free volatile components of passion fruit puree obtained by flash vacuum-expansion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6210-6214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      812 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(0.5min)=>fast=>60C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: HP-PONA; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Maignial, L.; Pibarot, P.; Bonetti, G.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.P., Simultaneous distillation-extraction under static vacuum: isolation of volatile compounds at room temperature, J. Chromatogr., 606, 1992, 87-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 0.1 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Light, D.M.; Jang, E.B.; Mon, T.R.; John, J.O., Headspace Examination of Volatile Emissions from Ripening Papaya (Carica papaya L., Solo Variety), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(4), 1990, 1060-1063.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      809 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      841.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC*GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2003, 665-682.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1352 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Osorio, C.; Alarcon, M.; Moreno, C.; Bonilla, A.; Barrios, J.; Garzon, C.; Duque, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Champa ( Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 509-516.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1346 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1344 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1351 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of volatile compounds among different grades of green tea and their relations to odor attributes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1621-1625., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1616-1620.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(0.5min)=>fast=>60C=>4C/min=>220C; CAS no: 123422; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Maignial, L.; Pibarot, P.; Bonetti, G.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.P., Simultaneous distillation-extraction under static vacuum: isolation of volatile compounds at room temperature, J. Chromatogr., 606, 1992, 87-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 168.1±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.5±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 47.1±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 61.7±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.427
Molar Refractivity: 31.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -0.09
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.21
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 30.91
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.21
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 30.91
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 12.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 30.7±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 122.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.34

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  162.64  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -10.65  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.489  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -44 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  167.9 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.71E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  6.512e+005
       log Kow used: -0.34 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  LANDE,SS ET AL. (1976)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  7.8344e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  LANDE,SS ET AL. (1976)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.24E-009  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.38E-009  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.148E-007 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.34  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -6.761  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.421
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5151
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.3064
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7079  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5045  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6026
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7094
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.1028
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  228 Pa (1.71 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.421
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.32E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  6.47E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.75E-007 
       Mackay model           :  1.05E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.18E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   3.9375 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     2.716 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    32.597 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.64E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1
      Log Koc:  0.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.34 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.38E-009 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 4.573E+005  hours   (1.905E+004 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 4.988E+006  hours   (2.078E+005 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.85  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0192          64.2         1000       
   Water     46.2            900          1000       
   Soil      53.7            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.0891          8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 972 hr




                    

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