ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-picoline | C6H7N

2-picoline

  • Molecular FormulaC6H7N
  • Average mass93.127 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass93.057846 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13839199

More details:



Featured data source



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109-06-8 [RN]
203-643-7 [EINECS]
2-Methyl pyridine
2-Methylpyridin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-methyl-pyridine
2-Methylpyridine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Méthylpyridine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-picoline [Wiki]
methylpyridine
MFCD00006332 [MDL number]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

109835_ALDRICH [DBID]
80221_FLUKA [DBID]
NSC 3409 [DBID]
RCRA waste number U191 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to yellow liquid with an unpleasant smell Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,sulfuric acid, acids, metals, iron (II) sulfate, hydrogen peroxide. Hygroscopic. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 790 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 674 mg kg-1, SKN-RBT LD50 410 mg kg-1, ORL-GPG LD50 900 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      10-20/21/22-36/37 Alfa Aesar A10847
      26-36 Alfa Aesar A10847
      26-37-60 Alfa Aesar [H55040]
      3 Alfa Aesar A10847
      36/37/38 Alfa Aesar [H55040]
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, POISON, severe irritant Alfa Aesar A10847
      H226-H302-H312-H332-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A10847
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A10847
      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar A10847
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      787 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_291568, replib_19602, replib_61524, replib_228418
      814 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morishita, F.; Morimoto, S.; Kojima, T., Prediction of molecular structures of aza-arenes by retention indices and fluorescence spectra, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 688-692., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Krikunova, N.I., The influence of alkyl substituents on the chromatographic indicator of self-association of N-containing heterocyclic compounds, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 321-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      804 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 325-328., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      799 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 35 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.125 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.156 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      801 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 35 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.125 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.125 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      803 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      816 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.063 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Phase thickness: 0.06 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svetlova, N.I.; Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Advantage of the universal equation over the linear equation for the calculation of retention parameters of homologous series in capillary chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 737-740., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon LH + KF; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.063 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      817 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.063 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      818 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.063 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Phase thickness: 0.06 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svetlova, N.I.; Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Advantage of the universal equation over the linear equation for the calculation of retention parameters of homologous series in capillary chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 737-740., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon LH + KF; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.063 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      819 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Phase thickness: 0.06 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svetlova, N.I.; Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Advantage of the universal equation over the linear equation for the calculation of retention parameters of homologous series in capillary chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 737-740., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon LH + KF; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.063 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shatts, V.D.; Avots, A.A.; Belikov, V.A., Retention indices of alkylpyridines, Zh. Anal. Khim., 32(4), 1977, 631-638, In original 797-806.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or He; Substrate: Chromosorb G, AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L.; Kapustin, Yu.P.; Golovnya, P.B., Retention indices of some isoaliphatic and heterocyclic nitrogenous bases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 31, 1976, 1378-1380.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      808 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      815 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1234 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yeo, H.C.H.; Shibamoto, T., Microwave-induced volatiles of the Maillard model system under different pH conditions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(2), 1991, 370-373.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1212 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 10, 1987, 2234-2239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1225 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 10, 1987, 2234-2239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1265 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morishita, F.; Morimoto, S.; Kojima, T., Prediction of molecular structures of aza-arenes by retention indices and fluorescence spectra, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 688-692.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1218 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1222 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1224 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1262 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1266 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      121.17 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      130.12 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      125.11 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      800 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Li, R.; Gao, S.-G.; Xiang, B.-R., Using improved BP neural network in predicting GC retention indices, Computers appl. chem. (Chinese), 17(1-2), 2000, 113-114.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      797.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      799 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from the thermal interaction of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin in propylene glycol, Food Chem., 51, 1994, 281-286., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermal degradation of glucosamine in a dry system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1971-1974.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      797 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Rosen, R.T.; Hartman, T.G.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds in generated from thermal degradation of alliin and deoxyalliin in an aqueous solution, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 146-153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      770 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishihara, M.; Tsuneya, T.; Shiga, M.; Kawashima, S.; Yamagishi, K.; Yoshida, F.; Sato, H.; Uneyama, K., New pyridine derivatives and basic components in spearmint oil (Mentha gentilis f. cardiaca) and peppermint oil (Mentha piperita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(9), 1992, 1647-1655.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      772 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishihara, M.; Tsuneya, T.; Shiga, M.; Kawashima, S.; Yamagishi, K.; Yoshida, F.; Sato, H.; Uneyama, K., New pyridine derivatives and basic components in spearmint oil (Mentha gentilis f. cardiaca) and peppermint oil (Mentha piperita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(9), 1992, 1647-1655.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawai, T.; Ishida, Y.; Kakiuchi, H.; Ikeda, N.; Higashida, T.; Nakamura, S., Flavor components of dried squid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(4), 1991, 770-777.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      798 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawai, T.; Ishida, Y.; Kakiuchi, H.; Ikeda, N.; Higashida, T.; Nakamura, S., Flavor components of dried squid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(4), 1991, 770-777.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      826 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 9 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(6), 2009, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      778.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      815 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Poligne, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Characterization of traditional processing of pork meat into boucane, Meat Sci., 59, 2001, 377-389.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      816 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubec, R.; Drhova, V.; Velisek, J., Thermal degradation of S-methylcysteine and its sulfoxide-important flavor precursors of Bassica and Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4334-4340., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubec, R.; Drhova, V.; Velisek, J., Volatile compounds thermally generated from S-propylcysteine and S-propylcysteine sulfoxide - aroma precursors of Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 1132-1138.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1240 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 70 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(13), 2009, 5823-5831., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishizaki, S.; Tachihara, T.; Tamura, H.; Yanai, T.; Kitahara, T., Evaluation of odour-active compounds in roasted shrimp (Sergia lucens Hansen) by aroma extract dilution analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 562-566., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tachihara, T.; Ishizaki, S.; Ishikawa, M.; Kitahara, T., Studies on the volatile compounds of roasted spotted shrimp, Chemistry & Biodiversity, 1, 2004, 2024-2033.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1229 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1239 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1243 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1234 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fukami, K.; Ishiyama, S.; Yaguramaki, H.; Masuzawa, T.; Nabeta, Y.; Endo, K.; Shimoda, M., Identification of distinctive volatile compounds in fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5412-5416., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1216 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 69, 2004, 179-187., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1241 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2010-2015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1219 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubec, R.; Drhova, V.; Velisek, J., Volatile compounds thermally generated from S-propylcysteine and S-propylcysteine sulfoxide - aroma precursors of Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 1132-1138., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubec, R.; Drhova, V.; Velisek, J., Thermal degradation of S-methylcysteine and its sulfoxide-important flavor precursors of Bassica and Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4334-4340.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1214 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Horiuchi, M.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of volatile compounds formed from fish oil heated with cysteine and trimethylamine oxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5232-5237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1226.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Barrio, M.E.; Lliberia, J.Ll.; Comellas, L.; Broto-Puig, F., Pyrolysis-gas chromatography applied to the study of organic matter evolution in sewage sludge-amended soils using nitrogen-phosphorus, flame ionization and mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 719, 1996, 131-139.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1209 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 185(1), 1987, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1210 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 39 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 170(3), 1980, 208-213., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 185(1), 1987, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1211 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 185(1), 1987, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1212 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 185(1), 1987, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1220 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Seifert, R.M.; King, A.D., Jr., Identification of some volatile constituents of Aspergillus clavatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 30, 1982, 786-790.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      792 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Chien, M.; Ho.C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds obtained from thermal degradation of cysteine and glutathione in water, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(5), 1988, 992-996., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Izzo, H.V.; Ho, C.-T., Isolation and identification of the volatile components of an extruded autolyzed yeast extract, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 2245-2248.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      803 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C (2min) => 4C/min =>280C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 55, 2000, 149-159., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1427-1436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      818 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordonez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 649-657.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      824 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4315-4323., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5151-5160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 388, 1987, 23-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      807 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1211 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2690-2696., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1213 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 192-202., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 35, 2002, 43-53., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1214 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2280-2287., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1206 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5151-5160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1216 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1227 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(8), 1994, 1743-1746.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1200 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds of deep-oil fried, microwave-heated, and oven-baked garlic slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(5), 1993, 800-805.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1222 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1223 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1226 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1242 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1215.677 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 21 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: CAM; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 388, 1987, 23-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1190 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C (5min) => 2C/min =>70C => 4C/min => 210C; CAS no: 109068; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 387, 1987, 371-378.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 127.5±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 13.5±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 36.2±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 26.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.501
Molar Refractivity: 29.2±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.19
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.70
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.47
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 31.38
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.27
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 5.38
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 114.97
Polar Surface Area: 13 Å2
Polarizability: 11.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 34.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 98.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.35
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.11
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  136.41  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -25.92  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  10.3  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -66.7 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  129.3 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.12E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.749e+005
       log Kow used: 1.11 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L ( deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  86928 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.78E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   8.29E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 9.96E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.591E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.11  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.390  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.500
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6033
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.6514
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7043  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6261  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4759
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.5412
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7237
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.49E+003 Pa (11.2 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.500
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.01E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  7.76E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  7.26E-008 
       Mackay model           :  1.61E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  6.21E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.1019 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     9.707 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =   116.480 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.17E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  53.46
      Log Koc:  1.728 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.155 (BCF = 1.428)
       log Kow used: 1.11 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  9.96E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      57.71  hours   (2.405 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      710.5  hours   (29.6 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.45  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.80  percent
    Total to Air:                0.56  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       5.13            233          1000       
   Water     46.4            900          1000       
   Soil      48.4            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.101           8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 597 hr




                    

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