ChemSpider 2D Image | 2,2'-Bipyridine | C10H8N2

2,2'-Bipyridine

  • Molecular FormulaC10H8N2
  • Average mass156.184 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass156.068741 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13867714

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2,2'-Bipyridine [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
2-(2-pyridyl)pyridine
2,2’-bipyridine
2,2′ bipyridine
2,2′-bipyridine
2,2′-bipyridinyl
2,2′-bipyridyl
2,2'-Bipyridin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2,2'-Bipyridine [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2,2-BIPYRIDINE
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

CHEBI:30351 [DBID]
14454_FLUKA [DBID]
36759_RIEDEL [DBID]
CI 588 [DBID]
D216305_ALDRICH [DBID]
Lopac-D-7505 [DBID]
MFCD00006212 [DBID]
NSC 1550 [DBID]
NSC 615009 [DBID]
UPCMLD00WV-71 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1355 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_228698, replib_62527, replib_125333
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      245.68 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Blanco, C.G.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Guillen, M.D., Capillary gas chromatography of some polycyclic aromatic compounds on several stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 465, 1989, 378-385.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      247.15 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      245.48 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.34 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 51(6), 1979, 768-773.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1444 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermal degradation of glucosamine in a dry system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1971-1974.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1425.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1472 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 388, 1987, 23-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2193 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 21 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 366187; Active phase: CAM; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 388, 1987, 23-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 272.5±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 49.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 107.2±12.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.581
Molar Refractivity: 47.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.28
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.71
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 11.53
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 196.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.74
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 12.43
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 211.34
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 18.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 46.7±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 141.2±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.38
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.50
       Exper. Ref:  De Voogt,P et al. (1990)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  287.40  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  77.84  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00284  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  72 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  273.5 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.00788 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  3729
       log Kow used: 1.50 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  5930 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  3995.6 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  5930.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.09E-010  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   5.35E-010  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.565E-007 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.50  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -7.538  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  9.038
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.3640
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0769
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.4257  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5849  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.2462
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1254
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.3548
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.05 Pa (0.00788 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 9.038
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.86E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000268 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000103 
       Mackay model           :  0.000228 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.021 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.2856 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     8.320 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    99.842 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000166 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  248.7
      Log Koc:  2.396 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.455 (BCF = 2.851)
       log Kow used: 1.50 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  5.35E-010 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.368E+006  hours   (5.699E+004 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.492E+007  hours   (6.217E+005 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.97  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.88  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.00613         200          1000       
   Water     32.9            900          1000       
   Soil      67              1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.0832          8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.19e+003 hr




                    

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