ChemSpider 2D Image | 4-Picoline | C6H7N

4-Picoline

  • Molecular FormulaC6H7N
  • Average mass93.127 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass93.057846 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13874733

More details:



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4-Mepy
4-methyl pyridine
4-Methylazine
4-Methylpyridin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Methylpyridine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Methyl-pyridine
4-Méthylpyridine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Picoline [Wiki]
p-methylpyridine
Pyridine, 4-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

131490_ALDRICH [DBID]
239615_ALDRICH [DBID]
AC-907/34117033 [DBID]
AI3-24111 [DBID]
AIDS020358 [DBID]
AIDS-020358 [DBID]
Ba 35846 [DBID]
CCRIS 1723 [DBID]
CHEBI:32547 [DBID]
HSDB 5386 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      10-20/22-24-36/37/38 Alfa Aesar A15595
      26-36-45 Alfa Aesar A15595
      3 Alfa Aesar A15595
      Danger Alfa Aesar A15595
      Danger Biosynth Q-200502
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A15595
      Flammable/Toxic/Irritant SynQuest 3H32-1-95, 77716
      GHS02; GHS06 Biosynth Q-200502
      H226; H302; H311; H315; H319; H332; H335 Biosynth Q-200502
      H311-H226-H302-H332-H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A15595
      P210-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P361-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A15595
      P261; P280; P305+P351+P338; P312 Biosynth Q-200502
      R10,R18,R21/22,R36/37/38 SynQuest 3H32-1-95, 77716
      S13,S16,S23,S24/25,S26,S33,S36/37/39,S45 SynQuest 3H32-1-95, 77716
      TBC SynQuest 3H32-1-95
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      787 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_228749, replib_34957, replib_151205, replib_34699
      864 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Krikunova, N.I., The influence of alkyl substituents on the chromatographic indicator of self-association of N-containing heterocyclic compounds, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 321-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      852 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 325-328., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      877 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shatts, V.D.; Avots, A.A.; Belikov, V.A., Retention indices of alkylpyridines, Zh. Anal. Khim., 32(4), 1977, 631-638, In original 797-806., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Terenina, M.B.; Zhuravieva, I.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Peculiar features of sorption of positional isomers of formyl-, acetyl-, and aminopyridines in capillary gas-liquid chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 46(1), 1997, 86-89, In original 91-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      845 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      863 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morishita, F.; Morimoto, S.; Kojima, T., Prediction of molecular structures of aza-arenes by retention indices and fluorescence spectra, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 688-692.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 35 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.125 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      844 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 35 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.125 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      846 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.156 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.125 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 61(1), 1986, 127-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      860 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Valko, K.; Papp, O.; Darvas, F., Selection of Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phase Pairs for Characterization of the 1-Octanol-Water Partition Coefficient, J. Chromatogr., 301, 1984, 355-364.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      850 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      853 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      823.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      846.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      857 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or He; Substrate: Chromosorb G, AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L.; Kapustin, Yu.P.; Golovnya, P.B., Retention indices of some isoaliphatic and heterocyclic nitrogenous bases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 31, 1976, 1378-1380.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      865 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      871 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      881 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1316 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Terenina, M.B.; Zhuravieva, I.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Peculiar features of sorption of positional isomers of formyl-, acetyl-, and aminopyridines in capillary gas-liquid chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 46(1), 1997, 86-89, In original 91-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1289 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 10, 1987, 2234-2239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1309 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 10, 1987, 2234-2239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1297 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1303 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1310 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW-DCMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 92, 1974, 281-289.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1350 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 152 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1354 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      131.86 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      876 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Li, R.; Gao, S.-G.; Xiang, B.-R., Using improved BP neural network in predicting GC retention indices, Computers appl. chem. (Chinese), 17(1-2), 2000, 113-114.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      838.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      848 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from the thermal interaction of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin in propylene glycol, Food Chem., 51, 1994, 281-286.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      841 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      864 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubec, R.; Drhova, V.; Velisek, J., Thermal degradation of S-methylcysteine and its sulfoxide-important flavor precursors of Bassica and Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4334-4340.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      868 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1972-1975.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1345 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2010-2015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1298 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubec, R.; Drhova, V.; Velisek, J., Thermal degradation of S-methylcysteine and its sulfoxide-important flavor precursors of Bassica and Allium vegetables, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4334-4340., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Horiuchi, M.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of volatile compounds formed from fish oil heated with cysteine and trimethylamine oxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5232-5237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1308.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Barrio, M.E.; Lliberia, J.Ll.; Comellas, L.; Broto-Puig, F., Pyrolysis-gas chromatography applied to the study of organic matter evolution in sewage sludge-amended soils using nitrogen-phosphorus, flame ionization and mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 719, 1996, 131-139.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1296 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Carbowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 185(1), 1987, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1297 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: Carbowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 185(1), 1987, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      832.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      850 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      852 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      865 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C =>5C/min =>85C(1min) =>3C/min =>165C=> 10C/min => 280C(3min); CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Varlet, V.; Serot, T.; Cardinal, M.; Knockaert, C.; Prost, C., Olfactometric Determination of the Most Potent Odor-Active Compounds in Salmon Muscle (Salmo salar) Smoked by Using Four Smoke Generation Techniques, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4518-4525.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      862 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 388, 1987, 23-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      849 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1346 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1294 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 187, 1988, 209-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1303 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1308 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1309 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1310 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.80 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 63(2), 1988, 311-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1320 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1322 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1289 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 21 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108894; Active phase: CAM; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 388, 1987, 23-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 144.2±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 6.5±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 37.5±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 56.7±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.501
Molar Refractivity: 29.2±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.19
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.71
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.49
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 31.76
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.27
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 5.39
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 115.03
Polar Surface Area: 13 Å2
Polarizability: 11.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 34.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 98.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.35
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.22
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  136.41  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -25.92  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  4.98  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  3.66 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  145.3 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  5.77E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.214e+005
       log Kow used: 1.22 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  GOE,GL (1978)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  86928 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  GOE,GL (1978)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.78E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   6.43E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 6.00E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.756E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.22  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.610  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.830
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6033
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.6514
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7043  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6261  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4759
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.5412
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7237
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  769 Pa (5.77 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.830
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  3.9E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.66E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.41E-007 
       Mackay model           :  3.12E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.33E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.1019 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     9.707 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =   116.480 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.26E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  53.46
      Log Koc:  1.728 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.239 (BCF = 1.735)
       log Kow used: 1.22 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  6E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      95.15  hours   (3.965 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       1119  hours   (46.62 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.24  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.82  percent
    Total to Air:                0.34  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       4.55            233          1000       
   Water     45              900          1000       
   Soil      50.4            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.101           8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 633 hr




                    

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