ChemSpider 2D Image | Butyraldehyde | C4H8O

Butyraldehyde

  • Molecular FormulaC4H8O
  • Average mass72.106 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass72.057518 Da
  • ChemSpider ID256

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

123-72-8 [RN]
1-butanal
204-646-6 [EINECS]
butan-1-al
Butanal [ACD/Index Name]
Butyl aldehyde
Butyraldehyd [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Butyraldehyde [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Butyraldéhyde [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Butyraldehyde [UN1129] [Flammable liquid]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

UN1129 [DBID]
20710_FLUKA [DBID]
20711_FLUKA [DBID]
418102_ALDRICH [DBID]
538191_SIAL [DBID]
AI3-00959 [DBID]
AI3-24198 [DBID]
BRN 0506061 [DBID]
BRN 0969165 [DBID]
C01412 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a very unpleasant smell Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless, mobile liquid/pungent, nutty odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanal
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong reducing agents, strong acids. Highly flammable. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      SKN-RBT LD50 3560 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11 Alfa Aesar A18243
      3 Alfa Aesar A18243
      9/29/1933 Alfa Aesar A18243
      9/29/1933 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar A18243
      9-29-33 Alfa Aesar A18243
      Danger Alfa Aesar A18243
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A18243
      H225 Alfa Aesar A18243
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar A18243
      Safety glasses and gloves. Effective ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Chemical Class:

      A member of the class of butanals that consists of propane bearing a formyl substituent at the 1-position. The parent of the class of butanals. ChEBI CHEBI:15743
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      607 (estimated with error: 45) NIST Spectra mainlib_19131, replib_19133, replib_290849, replib_61771
      568.78 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      569.15 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 343 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570.91 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 323 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 313 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.57 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 353 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      573.77 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 363 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      575.99 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 373 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      578.18 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 383 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      580.49 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 393 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      583.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 403 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      587.66 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 413 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      588.95 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 423 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      572.54 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      573.33 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      572 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      573 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      574 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celatom AW silanized; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Nguyen, A.; Wainwright, M.S., Application of linear extrathermodynamic relationships to alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amd ethoxy alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 179, 1979, 75-85., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gaschrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 17(3), 1983, 160-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      586 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1276-1280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      605 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 150C (10min) => 15C/min =>200C(16min) => 10C/min => 240C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromasorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      615.44 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 343 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      618.79 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 353 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621.39 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621.98 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 363 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      624.13 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 323 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      627.05 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 313 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      628.73 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 373 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      542.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      553 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      556 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      563 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      554 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      568 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      594 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      555 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      854.46 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 343 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867.47 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 353 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      874.62 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 363 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      891.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 373 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      911.46 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 383 K; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ciaznska-Halarewicz, K.; Kowalska, T., A study of the dependence of the Kovats retention index on the temperature of analysis on stationary phases of different polarity, Acta Chromatogr., 13, 2003, 69-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      894.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      897.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      901.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      907.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(1), 1987, 14-18.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      853 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kevei, E.; Kozma, E., Gaschromatographische Untersuchungsmethoden zur Aromaprufung in gekochtem Schweinefleisch (M. semimembranosus), Nahrung, 20(3), 1976, 243-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      906 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 105 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 4000; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: GAS Chrom P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      537 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      572 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) ^ 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 39, 2005, 6707-6718.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 15(2), 2004, 183-189., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      550 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      574.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      563.31 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 24(6), 1999, 729-732.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      564 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 75C =>3C/min =>190C(25min) =>3C/min =>210C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawasaki, W.; Matsui, K.; Akakabe, Y.; Itai, N.; Kajiwara, T., Long-chain aldehyde-forming activity in tobacco leaves, Phytochemistry, 49(6), 1998, 1565-1568., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(2), 1985, 249-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      568 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      563 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      587 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      565 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SP 2100; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Labropoulos, A.E.; Palmer, J.K.; Tao, P., Flavor evaluation and characterization of yogurt as affected by ultra-high temperature and vat processes, J. Dairy Sci., 65, 1982, 191-196.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Column length: 111 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; End T: 130 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Donetzhuber, A.; Johansson, K.; Sandstroem, C., Gas phase characterization of wood, pulp, and paper, Appl. Polymer Symp., , 1976, 889-901.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      577.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      593 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min)=>2C/min=>130C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Potent aroma compounds in Parmigiano Reggiano cheese studied using a dynamic headspace (purge-trap) method, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 252-259., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H.; Zawirska-Wojtasiak, R.; Wasowicz, E., Application of headspace - solid phase microextraction and multivariate analysis for plant oils differentiation, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 515-522., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.00 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(2), 2009, 645-652.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      582 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) =>4C/min =>175C =>10C/min =>260C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: VB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karlshoj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4289-4298.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      598 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.; Purzynska, A.; Modzelewska, A.; Serowiecka, M., Distribution coefficients of aliphatic alcohols, carbonyl compounds and esters between air and Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber coating, Anal. Chim. Acta., 560, 2006, 103-109.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      601 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Payo, A.; Chao, D.; Herrera, P., Aromatic Plants from Western Cuba VII. Composition of the Leaf Oil of Psidium wrightii KRug et Urb., Lantana involucrata L., Cinnamonum montanum (Sw.) Berchtold et J. Persl. and Caesalpinia violacea (Mill.) Standley, J. Essent. Oil. Res., 18, 2006, 170-174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      614 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(4min) =>2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C =>8C/min => 250C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Ruth, S.M.; Floris, V.; Fayoux, S., Characterisation of the volatile profiles of infant formulas by proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 98, 2006, 343-350.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      591 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>5C/min=>200C=>20C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      587.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>5C/min =>140C =>15C/min =>250C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Herve, C.; Richoux, R.; Lortal, S., Varied volatile compounds are produced by Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Emmental cheese, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 439-446.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      587.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ezquerro, O.; Pons, B.; Tena, M.T., Development of a headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the identification of odour-causing volatile compounds in packaging materials, J. Chromatogr. A, 963, 2002, 381-392.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      607 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Timon, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martin, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5143-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      592.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wentworth, W.E.; Helias, N.; Zlatkis, A.; Chen, E.C.M.; Stearns, S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatography peak identification, J. Chromatogr. A, 795, 1998, 319-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      590.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Haney, C.A.; Merkle, J.A.; Larick, D.K., Using GC/MS for the identification of volatile and semi-volatile components in food, MS Application note, 1993, 7.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      595 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1972-1975.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      596 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1265-1269., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1987-1989.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      589 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30 0C (1 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 45 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 47, 1989, 525-532.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      575 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Column length: 152 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 25C(1min) =>5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SF96+Igepal; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Altieri, M.A.; Mon, T.R., Volatile constituents of Amaranthus retroflexus L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 92-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      562 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Apieson L; Carrier gas: not specified; Substrate: not specified; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kurdina, Z.G.; Markovich, V.E.; Sakharov, V.M., Gas chromatography of cyclic O-containing compounds, in Gas chromatography, Issue # 10, NIITEKhim, Moscow, 1969, 128-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      545 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Substrate: Chromosorb W (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cremer, E.; Nonn, H., Kennzahlen zur Identifizierung chromatographisch getrennter Komponenten, Monatsh. Chem., 3, 1964, 910-921.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      866 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      878 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of "Fontina Valle d'Aosta", a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      895 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Chaintreau, A., Carbonyl Odorants Contributing to the In-Oven Roast Beef Top Note, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9578-9585., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 15(2), 2004, 183-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      899 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      905 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      861 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45 0C (15 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 75 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax 10; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 41, 2008, 838-848.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      880 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of "Fontina Valle d'Aosta", a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax 10; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 64, 1996, 83-91.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      859 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: PEG-20M; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 24(2), 2004, 212-216., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min =>200C (5min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4510-4516.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      886 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      877 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 69, 2004, 179-187., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Girard, B.; Durance, T., Headspace volatiles of sockeye and pink salmon as affected by retort process, Food Chem. Toxicol., 65(1), 2000, 34-39.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      865 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      885.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      832 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min)=>2C/min=>130C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Potent aroma compounds in Parmigiano Reggiano cheese studied using a dynamic headspace (purge-trap) method, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 252-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      885 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C =>10C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 68, 2000, 167-174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      890 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Horiuchi, M.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of volatile compounds formed from fish oil heated with cysteine and trimethylamine oxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5232-5237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      873 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramos, E.; Valero, E.; Ibanez, E.; Reglero, G.; Tabera, J., Obtention of a brewed coffee aroma extract by an optimized supercritical CO2-based process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4011-4016.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      875 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (10 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax 10; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 64, 1996, 83-91., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 31 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Labropoulos, A.E.; Palmer, J.K.; Tao, P., Flavor evaluation and characterization of yogurt as affected by ultra-high temperature and vat processes, J. Dairy Sci., 65, 1982, 191-196.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      898 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (5min) => 2C/min =>50C => 5C/min=> 200C(5min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mattheis, J.P.; Buchanan, D.A.; Fellman, J.K., Volatile compounds emitted by sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing) during fruit development and ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(3), 1992, 471-474.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      864 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1275-1279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 0 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Cooper, S.L.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S.; Sinclair, L.A.; Wilkinson, R.G.; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 69, 2005, 233-242., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      575 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bartelt, R.J., Calibration of a commercial solid-phase microextraction device for measuring headspace concentrations of organic volatiles, Anal. Chem., 69, 1997, 364-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      571 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Helmig, D.; Pollock, W.; Greenberg, J.; Zimmerman, P., Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      570 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kaiser, E.W.; Siegl, W.O., High resolution gas chromatographic determination of the atmospheric reactivity of engine-out hydrocarbon emissions from a spark-ignited engine, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 17, 1994, 264-270.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      613 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Dorjpalam, B.; Ho, C.-T., Contribution of peptides to volatile formation in the Maillard reaction of casein hydrolysate with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 2467-2471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      593 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernandez, M.; Ordonez, J.A., The contribution of Penicillium aurantiogriseum to the volatile composition and sensory quality of dry fermented sausages, Meat Sci., 59, 2001, 97-107., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 1154, 2007, 331-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      598 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>6C/min =>180C =>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Effect of Cysteine and Cystine Addition on Sensory Profile and Potent Odorants of Extruded Potato Snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 5754-5760.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      561 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Insausti, K.; Goni, V.; Petri, E.; Gorraiz, C.; Beriain, M.J., Effect of weight at slaughter on the volatile compounds of cooked beef from Spanish cattle breeds, Meat Sci., 70, 2005, 83-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      596 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C =>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Identification of potent odorants formed during the preparation of extruded potato snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6432-6437., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: RTX-5; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fuhrmann, E.; Grosch, W., Character impact odorants of the apple cultivars Elstar and Cox Orange, Nahrung/Food, 46(3), 2002, 187-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      589.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC*GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2003, 665-682.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      595 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min =>100C 15C/min => 150C (5min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Baty, C.; le Corre, D.; Souchon, I.; Martin, N., Flavor-active compounds potentially implicated in cooked cauliflower acceptance, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6459-6467.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      883 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min => 60C =>6C/min =>160C =>20C/min =>220C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Cantoni, C.; Careri, M.; Chiesa, L.; Musci, M.; Pinna, A., Characterization of the aromatic profile for the authentication and differentiation of typical Italian dry-sausages, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1552-1563., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      878 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      880 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      881 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Effect of Cysteine and Cystine Addition on Sensory Profile and Potent Odorants of Extruded Potato Snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 5754-5760.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lopez-Galilea I.; Fournier N.; Cid C.; Guichard E., Changes in headspace volatile concentrations of coffee brews caused by the roasting process and the brewing procedure, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8560-8566.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      875 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 203 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alasalvar, C.; Taylor, K.D.A.; Shahidi, F., Comparison of volatiles of cultured and wild sea bream (Sparus aurata) during storage in ice by dynamic headspace analysis/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2616-2622., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Nisyrios, I.; Mottram, D.S., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of walnuts (Juglans regia L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 501-506.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      831 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60(2min)C =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Identification of potent odorants formed during the preparation of extruded potato snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6432-6437.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      904 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Formation of aroma compounds during long-term frozen storage of unblanched leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) as affected by packaging atmosphere and slice thickness, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1234-1240., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Formation of volatile compounds in model experiments with crude leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Lancelot) enzyme extract and linoleic acid or linolenic acid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2315-2321., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Impact of blanching and packaging atmosphere on the formation of aroma compounds during long-term frozen storage of leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 4844-4852.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      877 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nielsen, G.S.; Poll, L., Determination of odor active aroma compounds in freshly cut leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) and in long-term stored frozen unblanched and blanched leek slices by gas chromatography olfactometry analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1642-1646., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      891 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      899 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>5C/min=>220(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      862 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C (5min) => 2C/min =>70C => 4C/min => 210C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 387, 1987, 371-378.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      866 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4.6 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 123728; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 77.6±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 96.0±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 31.9±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -11.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.370
Molar Refractivity: 20.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.91
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.84
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2.58
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 68.52
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.84
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2.58
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 68.52
Polar Surface Area: 17 Å2
Polarizability: 8.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 22.5±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 91.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.82
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.88
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  84.82  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -80.23  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  108  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -99 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  74.8 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.11E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.385e+004
       log Kow used: 0.88 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  7.1e+004 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  UNION CARBIDE (1974)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  65793 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  71000.00
       Exper. Ref:  UNION CARBIDE (1974)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aldehydes

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.20E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.20E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.15E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.297E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.88  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.328  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  3.208
      Log Koa (experimental database):  3.390

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9978
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9999
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0621  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9403  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   1.0083
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9831
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.9311
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.48E+004 Pa (111 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 3.390
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.03E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  6.03E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  7.32E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.62E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.82E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  25.4314 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.421 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     5.047 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.18E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  5.096
      Log Koc:  0.707 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.88 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000115 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       5.19  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      127.8  hours   (5.326 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               7.31  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.70  percent
    Total to Air:                5.52  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.4             10.9         1000       
   Water     48.1            360          1000       
   Soil      48.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0942          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 229 hr




                    

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