ChemSpider 2D Image | Sitagliptin | C16H15F6N5O

Sitagliptin

  • Molecular FormulaC16H15F6N5O
  • Average mass407.314 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass407.118073 Da
  • ChemSpider ID3571948
  • defined stereocentres - 1 of 1 defined stereocentres


More details:



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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

(2R)-4-Oxo-4-[3-(trifluormethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorphenyl)butan-2-amin
(2R)-4-oxo-4-[3-(trifluorométhyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophényl)butan-2-amine
(3R)-3-Amino-1-[3-(trifluormethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-4-(2,4,5-trifluorphenyl)-1-butanon [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(3R)-3-Amino-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-1-butanone [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(3R)-3-Amino-1-[3-(trifluorométhyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophényl)-1-butanone [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(3R)-3-Amino-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-1-one
1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine-7(8H)-propanamine, 5,6-dihydro-γ-oxo-3-(trifluoromethyl)-α-[(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)methyl]-, (αR)-
1-Butanone, 3-amino-1-[5,6-dihydro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-, (3R)- [ACD/Index Name]
486460-32-6 [RN]
790712-60-6 [RN]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

MK 0431 [DBID]
MK-0431 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      A10BH01 Wikidata Q419832
      P261; P262 Biosynth Q-101366, Q-201712
    • Chemical Class:

      A triazolopyrazine that exhibits hypoglycemic activity. ChEBI CHEBI:40237
    • Compound Source:

      synthetic Microsource [01505831]
    • Bio Activity:

      DPP4 MedChem Express HY-13749
      Metabolism/Protease MedChem Express HY-13749
      Metabolism/Protease; MedChem Express HY-13749
      Sitagliptin(MK 0431) is a potent inhibitor of DPP4 with IC50 of 19 nM in Caco-2 cell extracts. MedChem Express
      Sitagliptin(MK 0431) is a potent inhibitor of DPP4 with IC50 of 19 nM in Caco-2 cell extracts.; Target: DPP4; Sitagliptin exhibits a potent inhibitory effect on DPP-4 with IC50 of 19 nM from Caco-2 cell extracts [1]. MedChem Express HY-13749
      Sitagliptin(MK 0431) is a potent inhibitor of DPP4 with IC50 of 19 nM in Caco-2 cell extracts.;Target: DPP4Sitagliptin exhibits a potent inhibitory effect on DPP-4 with IC50 of 19 nM from Caco-2 cell extracts [1]. MK0431 reduces in vitro migration of isolated splenic CD4 T-cells through a pathway involving cAMP/PKA/Rac1 activation [2]. A recent study demonstrates that sitagliptin exerts a novel, direct action in order to stimulate GLP-1 secretion by the intestinal L cell through a DPP-4-independent, protein kinase A- and MEK-ERK1/2-dependent pathway. It therefore reduces the effect of autoimmunity on graft survival [3].;In vivo, the ED50 value of Sitagliptin phosphate for inhibition of plasma DPP-4 activity is calculated to be 2.3 mg/kg 7 hour postdose and 30 mg/kg 24 hour postdose in freely fed Han-Wistar rats [1]. The streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes mouse model exhibits elevated DPP-4 levels in the plasma that can be substantially inhibited in mice on an Sitagliptin phosp MedChem Express HY-13749

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.6±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 529.9±60.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 80.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 274.3±32.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.590
Molar Refractivity: 85.2±0.5 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 6
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.30
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.08
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 5.78
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.09
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 3.78
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 85.25
Polar Surface Area: 77 Å2
Polarizability: 33.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 42.5±7.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 252.4±7.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.39

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  433.67  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  181.62  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  2.91E-008  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 1.25E-006 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  179.2
       log Kow used: 1.39 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  3329.4 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.35E-015  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  8.703E-011 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.39  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -13.017  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  14.407
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :  -1.9781
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0000
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   0.4606  (recalcitrant)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.2062  (weeks       )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :  -0.2922
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0000
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.2544
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.000167 Pa (1.25E-006 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 14.407
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.018 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  62.7 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.394 
       Mackay model           :  0.59 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  99.6044 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.107 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.289 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.492 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.413E+006
      Log Koc:  6.383 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.370 (BCF = 2.347)
       log Kow used: 1.39 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.35E-015 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 5.028E+011  hours   (2.095E+010 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 5.485E+012  hours   (2.286E+011 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.94  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.85  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.08e-008       2.58         1000       
   Water     40              4.32e+003    1000       
   Soil      59.9            8.64e+003    1000       
   Sediment  0.0988          3.89e+004    0          
     Persistence Time: 1.95e+003 hr




                    

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