ChemSpider 2D Image | Linoleic acid | C18H32O2

Linoleic acid

  • Molecular FormulaC18H32O2
  • Average mass280.445 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass280.240234 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4444105
  • Double-bond stereo - Double-bond stereo


More details:



Featured data source



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Linoleic acid [Wiki]
(9Z,12Z)-9,12-Octadecadienoic acid [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(9Z,12Z)-9,12-Octadecadiensäure [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoic acid
60-33-3 [RN]
9,12-Octadecadienoic acid, (9Z,12Z)- [ACD/Index Name]
9-cis,12-cis-Octadecadienoic acid
Acide (9Z,12Z)-9,12-octadécadiénoïque [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
acide linoleique [French]
acido linoleico [Spanish]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

CHEBI:17351 [DBID]
62230_FLUKA [DBID]
62240_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-11132 [DBID]
AI3-36448 [DBID]
AIDS110888 [DBID]
AIDS-110888 [DBID]
C01595 [DBID]
CCRIS 650 [DBID]
CCRIS 652 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless or light yellow liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable, but air and light sensitive. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar A15265, L07949
      CAUTION: May irritate skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A15265
      IRRITANT Alfa Aesar L07949
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 098138
      Not believed to present a hazard to health. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2183 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_229327, replib_27829, replib_333207, replib_379359
      2134 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 17-26.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2125 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 175 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min); CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mendes, M.D.; Trindade, H.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Pedro, L.G.; Barroso, J.G., Chaerophyllum azoricun Trel. grown in the Azores archipelago, Portugal: evaluation of the genetic diversity using molecular markers and comparison with volatile oils profiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 259-265., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 6(4), 1990, 573-589., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 6(4), 1990, 573-589.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2111 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blazevic, I.; Mastelic, J., Free and bounded volatiles of rocket (Eruca sativa Mill.), Fravour Fragr. J., 23, 2008, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2130 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blazevic, I.; Mastelic, J., Free and bounded volatiles of rocket (Eruca sativa Mill.), Fravour Fragr. J., 23, 2008, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2107 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wong, K.C.; Tan, C.H., Volatile constituents of the flowers of Clerodendron fragrans (Vent.) R. Br., Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 429-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopes, D.; Koketsu, M.; Carauta, J.P.P.; de Oliveira, R.R.; Kaplan, M.A.C., Chemical composition of Pourouma guianensis Aublet essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 233-236.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2105 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Use of persistent trace gas chromatography artifacts for the calculation of pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 811, 1998, 241-245.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2078 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2097 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2136 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 61(5), 2007, 272-277., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Radulovic, N.S.; Blagojevic, P.D.; Palic, R.M.; Zlatkovic, B.K.; Stevanovic, B.M., Volatiles from vegetative organs of the paleoendemic resurrection plants Ramonda serbica Panc. and Ramonda nathaliae Panc. at Petrov, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 74(1), 2009, 35-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2154 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, C.; Zeng, Y.; Wan, M.; Li, R.; Liang, Y.; Li, C.; Zeng, Z.; Chau, F.-T., Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods, J. Sep. Sci., 32, 2009, 660-670.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2146 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 7 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Szarka, S.; Hethelyi, E.; Kuzovkina, I.N.; Lemberkovics, E.; Szoke, E., GC-MS method development for the analyses of thiophenes from solvent extracats of Tagetes patula L., Chromatographia Suppl., 68, 2008, s63-s69.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2144 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Comparison of different isolation methods of essential oil from Citrus fruits: cold pressing, hydrodistillation and microwave "dry" distillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 494-504.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2156 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 65, 2007, 217-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2152 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 61(5), 2007, 272-277.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2122 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Kawata, J., Identification of the Key Aroma Compounds in Dried Roots of Rubia cordifolia, L. Oleo Sci., 55(1), 2006, 37-39.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2132 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vazquez, C., Volatile constituents of genipap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 583-586.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2150 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saeidnia, S.; Gohari, A.R.; Yassa, N.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the volatile oil of Achillea conferta DC. from Iran, DARU, 13(1), 2005, 34-36.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2118 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(5min) =>3C/min =>120C (2min) =>2C/min =>200C (2min) =>3C/min =>320C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasar, A.; Ucuncu, O.; Gulec, C.; Inceer, H.; Ayaz, S.; Yayh, N., GC-MS analysis of chloroform extracts in flowers, stems, and roots of Tripleurospermum callosum, Pharm. Biol., 43(2), 2005, 108-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2130.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jalali-Heravi, M.; Vosough, M., Characterization and determination of fatty acids in fish oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with chemometric resolution techniques, J. Chromatogr. A, 1024, 2004, 165-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2123 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 999 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Fuhita, T.; Yamafuji, C.; Matsui, M.; Kasahara, N.; Takagi, Y.; Ishikawa, Y., Chemical composition of volatile oil from the roots of Periploca sepium, J. Oleo Sci., 53(10), 2004, 511-513., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 999 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Fujita, T.; Yamafuji, C.; Matsui, M.; Kasahara, N.; Takagi, Y.; Ishikawa, Y., Chemical composition of volatile oil from the roots of Periploca sepium, J. Oleo Sci., 53(11), 2004, 511-513.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2119 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Rigano, D.; de Fusco, R.; Bruno, M., Composition of the essential oil from flowerheads of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. (Asteraceae) growing wild in Southern Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 149-152.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3238 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: TC-WAX FFS; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N.; Kameoka, H., Components of the essential oil from Glehnia littoralis, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 215-218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3215 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 47 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N., Comparison of the essential oils of Glehnia littoralis from Northern and Southern Japan, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5433-5436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3168 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 39(11), 1992, 976-983.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3176 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 39(11), 1992, 976-983.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2095 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; Konig, W.A., Secondary metabolites from Ganoderma lucidum and Spongiporus leucomallellus, Phytochemistry, 67, 2006, 202-211., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; Konig, W.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of three wood-rotting fungi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 813-816.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2156 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 16 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tundis, R.; Passalacqua, N.G.; Peruzzi, L.; Statti, G.A.; Bonesi, M.; Loizzo, M.R.; Conforti, F.; Cesca, G.; Menichini, F., Comparative chemical variability of the non-polar extracts from Senecio cineraria group (Asteraceae), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 1071-1076.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2113 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5146-5148., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2106 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Use of persistent trace gas chromatography artifacts for the calculation of pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 811, 1998, 241-245.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2112 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 295 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Montanarella, L.; Bos, R.; Fischer, F.C., The Essential Oil in Lamina and Petiole of Heracleum dissectum Leaves, Planta Medica, , 1986, 332-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2140 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 148-153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2145.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2130 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lalel, H.J.D.; Singh, Z.; Chye Tan, S., Glycosidically-bound aroma volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit at different stages of maturity, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 29, 2003, 205-218., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 53-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2131 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 53-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2095.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 595, 2007, 328-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2104 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 1104, 2006, 313-322.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2144 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 1104, 2006, 313-322.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2170 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4.3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Vujisic L.; Vuckovic I.; Tesevic V.; Dokovic D.; Ristic M.S.; Janackovic P.; Milosavljevic S., Comparative examination of the essential oils of Anthemis ruthenica and A-arvensis wild-growing in Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 458-461.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2173 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alves, R.J.V.; Pinto, A.C.; da Costa, A.V.M.; Rezende, C.M., Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. (Rhamnaceae) and the chemical composition of its floral fecal odor, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 16(3B), 2005, 654-656.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2126 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2159 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Sarkarzadeh, H.; Jamalian, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Anthemis altissima L. grown in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 213-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2114 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: Optima 5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chosson, E.; Verite, P.; Blanckaert, A.; Seguin, E.; Litaudon, M.; Sevenet, T., Non polar compounds from the bark of Sarcomelicope follicularis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 31, 2003, 1185-1188.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2152 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 60333; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 64, 2003, 743-752.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 360.6±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.7 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 66.6±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 273.0±14.4 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.478
Molar Refractivity: 87.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 14
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 7.18
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 5.94
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 12410.54
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 17584.15
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.15
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 199.01
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 281.97
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 34.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 34.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 307.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  7.51
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  7.05
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1993)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  389.19  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  132.36  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  5.74E-005  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  -8.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  365.2 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  8.68E-07 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.03771
       log Kow used: 7.05 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.045077 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Surfactants-anionic-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   3.94E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   5.11E-006  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  5.617E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  7.05  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.793  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  9.843
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7951
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8195
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.2423  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.0977  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6771
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7008
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6433
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.000116 Pa (8.68E-007 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 9.843
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.0259 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.00171 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.484 
       Mackay model           :  0.675 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.12 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 128.6207 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec [Cis-isomer]
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 143.8207 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec [Trans-isomer]
      Half-Life =    0.998 Hrs (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3) [Cis-isomer]
      Half-Life =    0.892 Hrs (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3) [Trans-isomer]
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =    26.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec [Cis-]
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =    40.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec [Trans-]
      Half-Life =     1.058 Hrs (at 7E11 mol/cm3) [Cis-isomer]
      Half-Life =     0.688 Hrs (at 7E11 mol/cm3) [Trans-isomer]
   Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.579 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.167E+004
      Log Koc:  4.067 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.000 (BCF = 10)
       log Kow used: 7.05 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  5.11E-006 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      193.6  hours   (8.066 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       2252  hours   (93.84 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              93.87  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.78  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    93.09  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0275          0.691        1000       
   Water     4.16            360          1000       
   Soil      28.9            720          1000       
   Sediment  66.9            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 1.2e+003 hr




                    

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