ChemSpider 2D Image | Ethyl linolenate | C20H34O2

Ethyl linolenate

  • Molecular FormulaC20H34O2
  • Average mass306.483 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass306.255890 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4518967
  • Double-bond stereo - Double-bond stereo


More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

Ethyl linolenate
(9Z,12Z,15Z)-9,12,15-Octadécatriénoate d'éthyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1191-41-9 [RN]
1728340
214-734-6 [EINECS]
9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid ethyl ester
9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, ethyl ester, (9Z,12Z,15Z)- [ACD/Index Name]
Ethyl (9Z,12Z,15Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
ethyl (9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoatato
Ethyl (9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoate
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

62180_FLUKA [DBID]
L2501_SIGMA [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2201 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_336774, mainlib_235982, replib_14550, replib_290607
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2146 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 11 0C/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maggi, F.; Bilek, T.; Lucarini, D.; Papa, F.; Sagratini, G.; Vittori, S., Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophylum (Lamiaceae) from central Italy: A new source of a mushrrom-like flavour, Food Chem., 113, 2009, 216-221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2215 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Calyecac-cortero, H.G.; Cibrian-Tovar, J.; Soto-Hernandez, M.; Garcia-Velasco, R., Aislamento e identificacion de volatiles de Physalis philadelphica LAM. (Isolation and identification of Physalis philadelphica LAM. volatiles), Agrociencia, 41, 2007, 337-346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2159 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: Elite-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tava, A.; Pecetti, L.; Ricci, M.; Pagnotta, M.A.; Russi, L., Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (Fabaceae) from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 363-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2214 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Changizi, S., Essential oils composition of Stachys byzantina, S. inflata, S. lavandulifolia and S. laxa from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 300-303.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2185 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Rigano, D.; de Fusco, R.; Bruno, M., Composition of the essential oil from flowerheads of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. (Asteraceae) growing wild in Southern Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 149-152.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2178 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 33(3), 2002, 115-119.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2621 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Calyecac-cortero, H.G.; Cibrian-Tovar, J.; Soto-Hernandez, M.; Garcia-Velasco, R., Aislamento e identificacion de volatiles de Physalis philadelphica LAM. (Isolation and identification of Physalis philadelphica LAM. volatiles), Agrociencia, 41, 2007, 337-346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2613 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) => 4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Erdemoglu, N.; Sener, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus baccata, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 39(2), 2003, 195-198, In original 147-149., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kaya, A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Koca, F., The essential oil of Acinos alpinus (L.) Moench growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 55-59.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2578 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Okuno, Y., Volatile components from the roots of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl., Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 398-400.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2590 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: EC-1000; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bendall, J.G., Aroma compounds of fresh milk from New Zealand cows fed different diets, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4825-4832.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2166 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2145 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2153 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(0.5min) =>60C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sing, A.S.C.; Smadja, J.; Brevard, H.; Maignial, L.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.-P., Volatile constituents of faham (Jumellea fragrans (Thou.) Schltr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 642-646.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2155 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tan, S.-T.; Holland, P.T.; Wilkins, A.L.; Molan, P.C., Extractives from New Zealand honeys. 1. White clovers, manuka, and kanuka unifloral honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 453-460.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2173 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 82, 2006, 218-228.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2198 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.P.; Wang X.Y.; Wang, Z.C.; Lu Y.; Fu, C.X.; Chen, S.Y., Essential oil of Actinidia macrosperma, a catnip response kiwi endemic to China, Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B, 7(9), 2006, 708-712.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2169 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2567 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Fung, P.K.; Kim, J.-S., Aroma impact components in commercial plain sufu, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1684-1691.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2591 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2579 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2542 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2555 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2596 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1803-1809., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 1191419; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2690-2696.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 374.4±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.8 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 62.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 100.7±20.4 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.475
Molar Refractivity: 96.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 15
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 7.49
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 6.84
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 92329.83
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 124672.69
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 6.84
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 92329.83
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 124672.69
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 38.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 31.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 343.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  8.08

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  371.31  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  77.60  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.3E-005  (Modified Grain method)
    BP  (exp database):  218 @ 15 mm Hg deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 4.1E-005 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.001424
       log Kow used: 8.08 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.0037499 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.47E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   7.22E-004  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.682E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  8.08  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.221  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  8.301
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8842
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9898
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9604  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9036  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.7256
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7423
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.3758
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.00547 Pa (4.1E-005 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 8.301
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.000549 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.91E-005 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.0194 
       Mackay model           :  0.0421 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.00391 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 182.4012 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec [Cis-isomer]
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 205.2012 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec [Trans-isomer]
      Half-Life =    0.704 Hrs (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3) [Cis-isomer]
      Half-Life =    0.625 Hrs (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3) [Trans-isomer]
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =    39.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec [Cis-]
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =    60.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec [Trans-]
      Half-Life =     0.705 Hrs (at 7E11 mol/cm3) [Cis-isomer]
      Half-Life =     0.458 Hrs (at 7E11 mol/cm3) [Trans-isomer]
   Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.0307 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.152E+005
      Log Koc:  5.061 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  2.848E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:     281.632  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       7.711  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.835 (BCF = 68.36)
       log Kow used: 8.08 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000722 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      3.206  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      181.8  hours   (7.574 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              94.02  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.78  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    93.24  percent
    Total to Air:                0.01  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0183          0.47         1000       
   Water     3.78            360          1000       
   Soil      28.1            720          1000       
   Sediment  68.1            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 1.23e+003 hr




                    

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