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Search term: MF = 'C'

ChemSpider 2D Image | carbon | C

carbon

  • Molecular FormulaC
  • Average mass12.011 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass12.000000 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4575370

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

carbon [Wiki]
1333-86-4 [RN]
16291-96-6 [RN]
215-609-9 [EINECS]
240-383-3 [EINECS]
Diamond
Graphite
Anthrasorb
Aquadag
ballas ASB
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

C.I. 77265 [DBID]
XE 340 [DBID]
C06265 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Black, odorless solid. NIOSH FF5800000
      finely divided black dust or powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      grey solid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      grey to black powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      soft dark grey solid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      very hard crystals or light green powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Stable. In the form of powder reacts vigorously with a wide variety ofmaterials; in the rod form is relatively inert. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.Highly flammable in powdered form. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      IVN-MUS LD50 440 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      Avoid exposure to dust. If machining or cutting, do soin an area with good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      CAUTION: Dust may irritate eyes Alfa Aesar 00580
      CAUTION: Dust may irritate eyes and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar 10926, 33302, 39721, 43118, 43503, 88764
      CAUTION: May be harmful if swallowed Alfa Aesar 13844, 14389
      DANGER: Flammable, dust may irritate eyes and lungs Alfa Aesar 39723, 39724, 41530, 41531, 42514, 42515, 42516, 42517, 42519, 42520, 42521, 42550
      FLAMMABLE Alfa Aesar L16334, L17565
      FLAMMABLE / IRRITANT Alfa Aesar L11860
      Minimize exposure. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Not known to be hazardous in this form Alfa Aesar 40830, 40831, 40832, 40833, 43199
      Safety glasses if working with powdered carbon. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate promptly Breathing: Fresh air NIOSH FF5800000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH FF5800000
    • Symptoms:

      Cough; irritation eyes; in presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: [potential occupational carcinogen] NIOSH FF5800000
    • Target Organs:

      respiratory system, eyes Cancer Site [lymphatic cancer (in presence of PAHs)] NIOSH FF5800000
    • Incompatibility:

      Strong oxidizers such as chlorates, bromates & nitrates NIOSH FF5800000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: No recommendation Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: Daily Remove: No recommendation Change: No recommendation NIOSH FF5800000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : TWA 3.5 mg/m 3 Ca TWA 0.1 mg PAHs/m 3 [Carbon black in presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)] See Appendix A See Appendix C OSHA PEL : TWA 3.5 mg/m 3 NIOSH FF5800000

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density:
Boiling Point: -164.0±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 205285.6±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 11.3±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -228.3±11.7 °C
Index of Refraction:
Molar Refractivity:
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.09
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.02
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 3.49
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 85.12
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.02
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 3.49
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 85.12
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability:
Surface Tension:
Molar Volume:

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.78
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.09
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  -62.40  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -152.93  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  5.31E+005  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -182.4 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  -161.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  4.66E+05 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2610
       log Kow used: 1.09 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  22 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  428.49 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  22.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.14E-001  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   6.58E-001  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 6.58E-01  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  6.146E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.09  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  1.430  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  -0.340
      Log Koa (experimental database):  -0.380

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7399
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9416
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1637  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.8246  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6648
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8891
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7565
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   0.5033
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :   3.1866

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  6.21E+007 Pa (4.66E+005 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): -0.380
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.83E-014 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.02E-013 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.74E-012 
       Mackay model           :  3.86E-012 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  8.19E-012 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.0069 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =  1559.182 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.8E-012 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  4.203
      Log Koc:  0.624 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.139 (BCF = 1.378)
       log Kow used: 1.09 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.658 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      2.093  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      2.093  hours

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              99.61  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.02  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     0.28  percent
    Total to Air:               99.31  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       56.8            3.74e+004    1000       
   Water     42.6            360          1000       
   Soil      0.502           720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0871          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 144 hr




                    

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