ChemSpider 2D Image | Stearic acid | C18H36O2

Stearic acid

  • Molecular FormulaC18H36O2
  • Average mass284.477 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass284.271515 Da
  • ChemSpider ID5091

More details:



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220-336-3 [EINECS]
253-480-0 [EINECS]
4ELV7Z65AP
Acide stéarique [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
EMERSOL 132 [Trade name]
MFCD00044082 [MDL number]
n-undecylic acid
Octadecanoic acid [ACD/Index Name]
Octadecanoic acid (9CI)
Pentan [Polish]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

175366_SIAL [DBID]
17FA [DBID]
27405_RIEDEL [DBID]
73297_FLUKA [DBID]
85679_FLUKA [DBID]
875D [DBID]
A 1760 [DBID]
AFCO-Chem B 65 [DBID]
AI3-00909 [DBID]
AIDS049230 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      hard, white or faintly yellowish crystalline solid/tallow odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Octadecanoic acid
      shiny white flakes or powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with bases, reducing agents,oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      IVN-RAT LD50 22 mg kg-1, IVN-MUS LD50 23 mg kg-1, SKN-RBT LD50 > 5000 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      26-37 Alfa Aesar A12244, A17673
      36/37/38 Alfa Aesar A12244, A17673
      H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A12244, A17673
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 097948
      P261-P305+P351+P338-P302+P352-P321-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A12244, A17673
      Safety glasses. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar A12244, A17673
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar A12244, A17673
      Xi Abblis Chemicals AB1002380
    • Chemical Class:

      A C<smallsub>18</smallsub> straight-chain saturated fatty acid component of many animal and vegetable lipids. As well as in the diet, it is used in hardening soaps, softening plastics and in making co smetics, candles and plastics. ChEBI CHEBI:28842
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2167 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_290961, replib_287392, replib_36485, replib_334866, replib_368610
      2179 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Verma, S.C.; Dhawan, S.; Khan, M.; Ramesh, S.; Singh, S.C.; Yadav, A.; Srivastava, S.K., Essential oil composition of Murraya exotica from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 140-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2161 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 3 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Srivastava, A.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V., Volatile composition of Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. rhizome from central and southern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 423-426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2170 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 227-232., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C => 5C/min => 220C (5min) => 3C/min => 245 C (5min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Yadav, A.K., Chemical composition of fruit and stem essential oils of Lantana camara from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 376-379.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2192 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Guirudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight & Arn), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 27-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      366.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      351.12 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>15C/min =>180C =>5C/min =>280C (10min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Re-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other selected organic compounds in ambient air of Campo Grande City, Brazil, Atmos. Environ., 39, 2005, 2839-2850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      352.98 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      350.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2139 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 123-132.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2137 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vendramini, A.L.; Trugo, L.C., Chemical composition of acerola fruit (Malpighia punicifolia L.) at three stages of maturity, Food Chem., 71, 2000, 195-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2152 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopes, D.; Koketsu, M.; Carauta, J.P.P.; de Oliveira, R.R.; Kaplan, M.A.C., Chemical composition of Pourouma guianensis Aublet essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 233-236.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2140 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Use of persistent trace gas chromatography artifacts for the calculation of pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 811, 1998, 241-245.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2142 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Cross-Linked Methylsilicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 47, 1993, 1741-1748.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2155 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2174 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2124 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2128 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2163 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Radulovic, N.S.; Blagojevic, P.D.; Palic, R.M.; Zlatkovic, B.K.; Stevanovic, B.M., Volatiles from vegetative organs of the paleoendemic resurrection plants Ramonda serbica Panc. and Ramonda nathaliae Panc. at Petrov, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 74(1), 2009, 35-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2162 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2164 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2172 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) => 2C/min =>250C(15min) =>10C/min =>270C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Formisano C.; Senatore F.; Bruno M.; Bellone G., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Phlomis ferruginea Ten. (Lamiaceae) growing wild in Southern Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 848-851., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Fuentes, V., Characterization of volatiles in Bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3836-3839.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2173 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: PE-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 427-430.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2169 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Apostolides Arnold, N.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea eryngioides Lam. and Centaurea liberica Trev. var. hermonis Boiss. Lam., two Asteraceae growing wild in Lebanon, Nat. Prod. Res., 19(8), 2005, 749-754., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 282-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2167.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ai-Nong, Y.; Bao-Guo, S., Flavour substances of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon, Food Chem., 89, 2005, 227-233.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2180 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=> 2C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 85, 2005, 1444-1452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vazquez, C., Volatile constituents of genipap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 583-586., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 33(3), 2002, 115-119.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2167.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2160.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jalali-Heravi, M.; Vosough, M., Characterization and determination of fatty acids in fish oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with chemometric resolution techniques, J. Chromatogr. A, 1024, 2004, 165-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2178 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: JAvidnia, K.; Mojab, F.; Mojahedi, S.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oil of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl from Iran, Iranian J. Pharm. Res., 3, 2004, 61-63., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 27(1), 1988, 85-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2170 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Palmeira, S.F., Jr.; Conserva, L.M.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Guilhon, G.M.S.P., Analysis by GC-MS of the hexane extract of the aerial parts of Aristolochia acutifolia Duchtr., Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 85-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2177 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Influence of the simultaneous addition of the protease flavourzyme and the lipase novozyme 677BG on dry fermented sausage compounds extracted by SDE and analyzed by GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2395-2400.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2168 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents from leaves and flowers of Alpinia speciosa K. Schum. and A. purpurata (Viell.) Schum., Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 411-414.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2175.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MacLeod, G.; Ames, J.M., Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the volatile components of cooked Scorzonera, Phytochemistry, 30(3), 1991, 883-888.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2162.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 1. Qualitative and quantitative differences in uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(2), 1991, 344-350.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3181 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3132 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6530-6536.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3138 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: CP-Wax 58CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hakkarainen, M., Qualitative and quantitative solid-phase microextraction gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of the low-molecular-mass compounds released from poly(vinyl chloride)/polycaprolactone-polycarbonate during aging, J. Chromatogr. A, 1010, 2003, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3120 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: TC-WAX FFS; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Maehara, T.; Kurose, K., Composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Eruca sativa, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 187-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3146.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: TC-WAX FFS; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N.; Kameoka, H., Components of the essential oil from Glehnia littoralis, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 215-218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3130 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 47 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N., Comparison of the essential oils of Glehnia littoralis from Northern and Southern Japan, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5433-5436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3090 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 39(11), 1992, 976-983.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3104 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 39(11), 1992, 976-983.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2187 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rezazadeh, S.; Hamedani, M.P.; Dowlatabadi, R.; Yazdani, D.; Shafiee, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Stachys schtschegleevii Sosn. and Stachys balansae Boiss & Kotschy from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 290-293.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2174 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 16 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tundis, R.; Passalacqua, N.G.; Peruzzi, L.; Statti, G.A.; Bonesi, M.; Loizzo, M.R.; Conforti, F.; Cesca, G.; Menichini, F., Comparative chemical variability of the non-polar extracts from Senecio cineraria group (Asteraceae), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 1071-1076.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2139 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Use of persistent trace gas chromatography artifacts for the calculation of pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 811, 1998, 241-245.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2142 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2138.54 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: Ultra-1; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, for the identification of components in the essential oil of Curcuma longa L., J. Chromatogr. A, 760, 1997, 303-308.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2137 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(0.5min) =>60C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sing, A.S.C.; Smadja, J.; Brevard, H.; Maignial, L.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.-P., Volatile constituents of faham (Jumellea fragrans (Thou.) Schltr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 642-646.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2175 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2188 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 148-153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2158 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 53-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2162 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 53-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2180 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4.3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Vujisic L.; Vuckovic I.; Tesevic V.; Dokovic D.; Ristic M.S.; Janackovic P.; Milosavljevic S., Comparative examination of the essential oils of Anthemis ruthenica and A-arvensis wild-growing in Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 458-461., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alves, R.J.V.; Pinto, A.C.; da Costa, A.V.M.; Rezende, C.M., Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. (Rhamnaceae) and the chemical composition of its floral fecal odor, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 16(3B), 2005, 654-656., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Determination of Teucrium chamaedrys volatiles by using direct thermal desorption-comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1114, 2006, 164-169.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2178 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rezazadeh, S.; Hamedani, M.P.; Dowlatabadi, R.; Yazdani, D.; Shafiee, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Stachys schtschegleevii Sosn. and Stachys balansae Boiss & Kotschy from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 290-293., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 57, 2001, 235-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2166 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ayop, N.; Ahmad, A.S., Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 601-604.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2172 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A., Volatile constituents of star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito L.) from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 401-403., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vazquez, C., Volatile constituents of fruits of Garcinia dulcis Kurz. from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 271-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) grown in Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 2004, 318-320., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of the fruits of Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. from Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 2004, 302-304.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2157 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2173 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vazquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 32-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2164 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Differences in the fragrances of pollen and different floral parts of male and female flowers of Laurus nobilis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 4647-4652.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2200 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (1min) =>5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min); CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1345-1352.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3181 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(8), 1994, 1743-1746.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3136 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 57114; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 984-988.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 359.4±5.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.8 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 63.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 162.4±12.5 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.456
Molar Refractivity: 87.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 16
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 8.22
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 7.26
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 125575.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 92278.95
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 5.47
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2014.54
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1480.39
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 34.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 33.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 320.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  7.94
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  8.23
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1993)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  382.05  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  132.96  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  8.31E-006  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  68.8 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  383 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  7.22E-07 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 1.96E-006 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.003512
       log Kow used: 8.23 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  0.597 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.0093429 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  0.60
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Surfactants-anionic-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   5.10E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   7.39E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 4.76E-07  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  8.857E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  8.23  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.711  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  12.941
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7932
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8109
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.2334  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.0919  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8380
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9120
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.0414
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.000261 Pa (1.96E-006 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 12.941
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.0115 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.14 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.293 
       Mackay model           :  0.479 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.994 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  22.4804 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.476 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     5.710 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.386 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.167E+004
      Log Koc:  4.067 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.000 (BCF = 10)
       log Kow used: 8.23 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.76E-007 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       2076  hours   (86.51 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.279E+004  hours   (949.7 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              94.02  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.78  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    93.25  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.34            11.4         1000       
   Water     3.71            360          1000       
   Soil      29              720          1000       
   Sediment  66.9            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 1.27e+003 hr




                    

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