ChemSpider 2D Image | D-(-)-Mannitol | C6H14O6


  • Molecular FormulaC6H14O6
  • Average mass182.172 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass182.079041 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6015
  • defined stereocentres - 4 of 4 defined stereocentres

More details:

Featured data source

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

201-770-2 [EINECS]
69-65-8 [RN]
D-Mannitol [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
D-Mannitol [German] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

63559_FLUKA [DBID]
63560_FLUKA [DBID]
63565_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-19511 [DBID]
bmse000099 [DBID]
BRN 1721898 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      white crystalline powder OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 17000 mg kg-1, IPR-MUS LD50 14000 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 22000 mg kg-1 OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      A06AD16 Wikidata Q407646
      B05BC01 Wikidata Q407646
      B05CX04 Wikidata Q407646
      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar 33342, A14030
      None. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      R05CB16 Wikidata Q407646
    • Chemical Class:

      The <stereo>D</stereo>-enantiomer of mannitol. ChEBI CHEBI:16899
      The D-enantiomer of mannitol. ChEBI, CHEBI:16899
    • Compound Source:

      Aegilops tauschii PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Alibertia sessilis (Rubiaceae) Susan Richardson [Structure found in ChemSpider, confirmed from ChEBI and ChEMBL]
      Amaranthus hypochondriacus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Amborella trichopoda PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Anacardium occidentale PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Ananas comosus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Aquilegia coerulea PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Arabidopsis halleri PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Arabidopsis lyrata PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Arabidopsis thaliana col PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Asparagus officinalis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Boechera stricta PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Brachypodium distachyon PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Brassica napus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Brassica oleracea var. capitata PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Brassica oleracea var. oleracea PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Brassica rapa FPsc PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Calotropis gigantea PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Camptotheca acuminata PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Cannabis sativa PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Capsella grandiflora PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Capsella rubella PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Capsicum annuum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Carica papaya PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Catharanthus roseus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Chenopodium quinoa PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Cicer arietinum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Citrus clementina PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Citrus sinensis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Corchorus capsularis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Cucumis sativus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Daucus carota subsp. sativus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Dianthus caryophyllus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Dioscorea rotundata PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Eucalyptus grandis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Eutrema salsugineum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Glycine max PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Gossypium raimondii PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Helianthus annuus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Humulus lupulus var. lupulus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Isolated from a plant Susan Richardson [Structure found in ChemSpider, confirmed from ChEBI and ChEMBL]
      Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Kalanchoe laxiflora PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Leersia perrieri PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Linum usitatissimum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Lotus japonicus PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Malus domestica PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Manihot esculenta PlantCyc MANNITOL
      mannitol biosynthesis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      mannitol degradation II PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Medicago truncatula PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Miscanthus sinensis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Musa acuminata PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Nicotiana tabacum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Olea europaea var. sylvestris PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Oropetium thomaeum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Oryza brachyantha PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Oryza glaberrima PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Oryza punctata PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Oryza rufipogon PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Oryza sativa Japonica Group PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Panicum hallii PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Panicum virgatum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Petunia axillaris PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Phaseolus vulgaris PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Populus trichocarpa PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Prunus persica PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Ricinus communis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Rosa chinensis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Rosa multiflora PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Selaginella moellendorffii PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Setaria italica PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Setaria viridis PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Solanum lycopersicum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Solanum melongena PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Solanum pennellii PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Solanum tuberosum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Sorghum bicolor PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Spinacia oleracea PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Spirodela polyrhiza PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Thellungiella parvula PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Theobroma cacao PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Trifolium pratense PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Triticum aestivum PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Triticum urartu PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Vitis vinifera PlantCyc MANNITOL
      Zea mays subsp. mays PlantCyc MANNITOL
    • Bio Activity:

      D-mannitol + NAD+ <--> aldehydo-D-mannose + NADH + H+ PlantCyc MANNITOL
      D-mannitol + NAD+ -> aldehydo-D-mannose + NADH + H+ PlantCyc MANNITOL
      D-mannitol 1-phosphate + H2O -> D-mannitol + phosphate PlantCyc MANNITOL
      D-Mannitol is an osmotic diuretic agent and a weak renal vasodilator. MedChem Express
      D-Mannitol is an osmotic diuretic agent and a weak renal vasodilator.;Target: D(-)Mannitol is a sugar alcohol that can be used as an inert osmotic control substance. The uptake and phosphorylation of d-mannitol is catalyzed by the mannitol-specific phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase systems (PTS). Mannitol can interact with neutrophils and monocytes. Experiments have shown that it is able to decrease neutrophil apoptosis in vitro. The compound has been used in studies as a stimulator of cecal microbial growth and cellulolytic activity in rabbits. It has been observed that mannitol can lower the fat digestibility and body fat accumulation in both normal and cecectomized rats, as well as upregulate monocyte HLA-DR, monocyte and neutrophil CD11b. Studies show that the mannitol operon is repressed by the transcription factor, mannitol operon repressor (MtlR) in Escherichia coli [1-3]. MedChem Express HY-N0378

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module, version: 14.00

Density: 1.6±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 494.9±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±2.8 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 87.8±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 292.5±23.3 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.597
Molar Refractivity: 38.9±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 6
#H bond donors: 6
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: -4.67
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -3.29
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -3.29
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 121 Å2
Polarizability: 15.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 99.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 114.1±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency�s EPISuite™

 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -3.01
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -2.20
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1994)
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -3.10
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -2.47
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1994)
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -3.10
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  389.71  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  138.97  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.31E-009  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  189.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  290-295 @ 3.5 mm Hg deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 6.94E-008 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1e+006
       log Kow used: -3.10 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  2.75e+006 mg/L (30 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  MULLIN,JW (1972)
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  2.16e+005 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  3.1e+004 mg/L (15 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  2750000.00
       Exper. Ref:  MULLIN,JW (1972)
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  216000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  31000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.26E-013  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.94E-029  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.140E-016 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -3.10  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -10.528  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.428
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.6132
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9992
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.7564  (days        )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.3616  (hours-days  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   1.0331
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9771
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.0212
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  9.25E-006 Pa (6.94E-008 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.428
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.324 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  6.58E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.921 
       Mackay model           :  0.963 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000526 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  49.9721 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.214 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     2.568 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.942 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  10
      Log Koc:  1.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -3.10 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  7.26E-013 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.088E+009  hours   (4.535E+007 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.187E+010  hours   (4.948E+008 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.85  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.75  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0042          5.14         1000       
   Water     26.8            55.9         1000       
   Soil      73.2            112          1000       
   Sediment  0.0344          503          0          
     Persistence Time: 123 hr


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