ChemSpider 2D Image | Pivalic acid | C5H10O2

Pivalic acid

  • Molecular FormulaC5H10O2
  • Average mass102.132 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass102.068077 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6177

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

2,2-Dimethylpropanoic acid
75-98-9 [RN]
a,a-Dimethylpropionic Acid
Acide pivalique [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pivalic acid [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pivalinsäure [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Propanoic acid, 2,2-dimethyl- [ACD/Index Name]
trimethylacetic acid
1184-88-9 [RN]
2,2-Dimethyl propanoic acid
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

CHEBI:45133 [DBID]
80880_FLUKA [DBID]
80882_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-04165 [DBID]
BRN 0969480 [DBID]
CHEBI:35815 [DBID]
HSDB 5211 [DBID]
LMFA01020073 [DBID]
MFCD00004194 [DBID]
NSC 65449 [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      790 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_229708, replib_1193, replib_63363, replib_288437
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      864 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 75989; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1563 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 523-531.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1568 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suhardi, S.; Suzuki, M.; Yoshida, K.; Muto, T.; Fujita, A.; Watanbe, N., Changes in the volatile compounds and in the chemical and physical properties of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw) Cv. Pondoh during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7627-7633.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1573.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1579 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sekiwa, Y.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Characteristic flavor components in the brew of cooked clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the effect of storage on flavor formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 826-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1527 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75989; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Fung, P.K.; Kim, J.-S., Aroma impact components in commercial plain sufu, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1684-1691.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 166.2±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.9±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 44.4±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 68.3±9.8 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.420
Molar Refractivity: 26.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.94
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.66
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.30
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 27.19
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -1.11
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 10.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 30.2±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 105.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.45
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.48
       Exper. Ref:  Chem Inspect Test Inst (1992)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  166.85  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  9.87  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.54  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  35 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  164 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  5.00E-01 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.628 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1.559e+004
       log Kow used: 1.48 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  2.17e+004 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  79069 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  21700.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.28E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
   Exper Database: 2.78E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.327E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.48  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.944  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.424
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5877
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.6173
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1260  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9325  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6583
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7630
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.4499
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  83.7 Pa (0.628 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.424
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  3.58E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  6.52E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.29E-006 
       Mackay model           :  2.87E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.21E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.0218 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    10.467 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.08E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.738
      Log Koc:  0.437 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 1.48 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.78E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      213.9  hours   (8.911 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       2418  hours   (100.7 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.12  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.87  percent
    Total to Air:                0.16  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       6.09            251          1000       
   Water     36.4            360          1000       
   Soil      57.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0855          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 418 hr




                    

Click to predict properties on the Chemicalize site





Feedback Form