ChemSpider 2D Image | Isopentane | C5H12

Isopentane

  • Molecular FormulaC5H12
  • Average mass72.149 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass72.093903 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6308

More details:



Featured data source



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2-methyl butane
2-methylbutane
78-78-4 [RN]
Butane, 2-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
Isopentan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Isopentane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Isopentane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Methylbutane
(CH3)2CH-CH2-CH3 [Formula]
1,1,2-trimethylethane
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

154911_ALDRICH [DBID]
270342_ALDRICH [DBID]
277258_ALDRICH [DBID]
59060_FLUKA [DBID]
59070_FLUKA [DBID]
59080_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-28787 [DBID]
CHEBI:30362 [DBID]
HSDB 618 [DBID]
M32631_ALDRICH [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a characteristic smell Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Extremely flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.Vapour-air mixtures explosive in certain proportions. Incompatiblewith rubber, various plastics. The vapour, being heavier than air, may rollover surfaces and collect in low points. Note low flash point. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      12-51/53-65-66-67 Alfa Aesar 19387
      2-9-16-29-33-61-62 Alfa Aesar 19387
      3 Alfa Aesar 19387
      9-16-29-33-61-62 Alfa Aesar 19387
      Danger Alfa Aesar 19387
      H224-H304-H336-H411-EUH066 Alfa Aesar 19387
      Nitrile gloves, safety glasses, good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      P210-P261-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar 19387
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      454 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_61287, replib_19107, replib_291251
      477.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: CP Sil 2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 403-412.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      477 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 639, 1993, 239-253., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Embacel; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 1-10.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      469 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      470 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 45 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      468 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 40-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      478 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 26 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Diatoport S; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Widmer, H., Gas chromatographic identification of hydrocarbons using retention indices, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 506-510.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      475 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bajus, M.; Vesely, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 1. Pyrolysis of heptane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 18(1), 1979, 30-37., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 1999, 495-506., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      475.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bajus, M.; Vesely, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 1. Pyrolysis of heptane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 18(1), 1979, 30-37.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      475.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bajus, M.; Vesely, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 2. Pyrolysis of methylcyclohexane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 18(2), 1979, 135-142., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Papazova, D.; Milina, R.; Dimov, N., Comparative evaluation of retention of hydrocarbons present in the C5-petroleum fraction of methylsilicone and squalane phases, Chromatographia, 25(3), 1988, 177-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bajus, M.; Vesely, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 2. Pyrolysis of methylcyclohexane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 18(2), 1979, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      475.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines, in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      476 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 26 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zulaica, J.; Guiochon, G., Analyse des hauts polymeres par chromatographie en phase gazeuse de leurs produits de pyrolyse. II. Application a quelques hydrocarbures macromoleculaires purs, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 4, 1966, 1351-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474.37 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schomburg, G.; Dielmann, G., Identification by means of retention parameters, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 11, 1973, 151-159.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      471 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 58 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 26 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Diatoport P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Widmer, H., Gas chromatographic identification of hydrocarbons using retention indices, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 506-510.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      472 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 68 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      461 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 24(2), 1971, 88-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l'indice de retention d'alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l'indice de retention d'alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l'indice de retention d'alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 22 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      473 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 55 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      467 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 26 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Diatoport P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Widmer, H., Gas chromatographic identification of hydrocarbons using retention indices, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 506-510.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      465 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Ding, L.; Sun, Z.; Song, L.; Sun, T., Study on quantitative structure-retention relationships for hydrocarbons in FCC gasoline, Chromatographia, 70(3/4), 2009, 511-518.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      476 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 25C(5min)=>2C/min(5min)=>4C/min(15min)=>(hold at 95C); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Embacel; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., Comparison of isothermal and non-linear temperature programmed gas chromatography. The temperature dependence of the retention indices of a number of hydrocarbons on squalane and SE-30, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 11-17., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 25C(5min)=>2C/min=>35=>4C/min=>95C(hold); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Embacel; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 1-10., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 50C(10min)=>20C/min(2min)=>90C(6min)=>10C/min(6min)=>(hold at 150C); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., Comparison of isothermal and non-linear temperature programmed gas chromatography. The temperature dependence of the retention indices of a number of hydrocarbons on squalane and SE-30, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 11-17., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 50C910min)=>20C/min=>90(6min)=>10C/min=>150C(hold); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 1-10., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      475 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) ^ 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 39, 2005, 6707-6718., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 74.6 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasoline boiling below 100 C, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 7(2), 1989, 88-92., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Celite C-22; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Huguet, M., Kovats retention indices in the qualitative analysis of light hydrocarbons by gas chromatography, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate et de chromatographie, 1961, 69., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, J.; Lu, W., Kovats indices of C4-C10 hydrocarbons in apolar quartz capillary OV-101, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1(1), 1984, 11-17., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Feng, H.; Mu, L.-L., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for alkane and its derivatives based on electrotopological state index and molecular shape index, Chem. Ind. Engineering (Chinese), 24(2), 2007, 161-168., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, Y.; Liang, Y., Data mining for seeking accurate quantitative relationship between molecular structure and GC retention indices of alkanes by projection pursuit, Comput. Biol. Chem., 27, 2003, 339-353., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      466.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Krkosova, Z.; Kubinec, R.; Addova, G.; Jurdakova, H.; Blasko, J.; Ostrovsky, I.; Sojak, L., Gas chromatographic - mass spectrometric characterization of monomethylalkanes from fuel diesel, Petroleum & Coal, 49(3), 2007, 51-62.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      467.2 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) =>10C/min=> 110C=>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of unleaded gasoline, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Determination of hydrocarbon components in petroleum naphthas, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      464.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) => 10C/min =>110C =>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 78784; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of a petroleum refinery reformate standard, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      477 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Konukhova, S.V., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Ecologically Safe Freones, Vestn. of St. Petersburg Univ. (Rus.), , 1992, 66-70, In original 66-70., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Perkin Elmer Instruments, Detailed hydrocarbon analysis (DHAX) Model 4015, 2002.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      466 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yin, C.; Guo, W.; Lin, T.; Liu, S.; Fu, R.; Pan, Z.; Wang, L., Application of wavelet neural network to the prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of alkanes, J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 48, 2001, 739-749.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      464.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (13 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 45 0C (15 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 60 0C (15 min) ^ 1.9 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: RTX-1 PONA; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      472 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Spieksma, W., Determination of vapor liquid equilibrium from the Kovats retention index on dimethylsilicone using the Wilson mixing tool, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 22(10), 1999, 565-588.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 51 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Li, H.; Deng, C., Qualitative analysis of light components of gasoline cracking using Kovats retention indices, J. Instrumental Analysis, 17(1), 1998, 67-69., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, J.; Lu, W., Kovats indices of C4-C10 hydrocarbons in apolar quartz capillary OV-101, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1(1), 1984, 11-17., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Makarov A.A.; Schrader, S.; Moeder, M., A new version of an additive scheme for the prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of the 211 structural isomers of 4-nonylphenol, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 4097-4106., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, X.; Chu, S.; Song, N., Application of chromatographic studies of air pollution in China, J. Chromatogr. A, 710, 1995, 21-37.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      464 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guan, Y.; Li, L.; Zhou, L., Live retention database for compound identification in capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 13(5), 1995, 851-857., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 75-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      467 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Langenhove, H.; Schamp, N., Identification of Volatiles in the Head Space of Acid-Treated Phosphate Rock by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectromety, J. Chromatogr., 351, 1986, 65-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      464.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R.; Wills, M.T., Speciation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in solventborne aerosol coatings by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography, J. Coat. Technol., 75(936), 2003, 47-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      466.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 130 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yin, C.; Liu, W.; Li, Z.; Pan, Z.; Lin, T.; Zhang, M., Chemometrics to chemical modeling: structural coding in hydrocarbons and retention indices of gas chromatography, J. Sep. Sci., 24, 2001, 213-220.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465.35 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Subramaniam, B.; Bochniak, D.; Snavely, K., Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in supercritical reaction media, Lawrence Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering (DOE/PC/92532--T7), United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994, 8.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465.39 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Subramaniam, B.; Bochniak, D.; Snavely, K., Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in supercritical reaction media, Lawrence Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering (DOE/PC/92532--T7), United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994, 8.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      467 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: -40 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Ultra-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Olson, K.L.; Sinkevitch, R.M.; Sloane, T.M., Speciation and Quantitation of Hydrocarbons in Gasoline Engine Exhaust, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 30, 1992, 500-508.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465.11 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465.18 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      466 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, J.; Lu, W., Hydrocarbon analysis by open-tubular column chromatography with programmed temperature for straight run gasoline, Anal. Chem., 12(7), 1984, 572-578.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 108 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 78784; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.6±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 26.2±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 727.1±0.0 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 26.1±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -56.7±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.369
Molar Refractivity: 25.2±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.23
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.82
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 82.09
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 816.33
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.82
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 82.09
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 816.33
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 10.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 17.7±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 111.4±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.72

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  30.18  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -119.04  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  688  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -159.9 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  27.8 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  6.89E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  184.6
       log Kow used: 2.72 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  48 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  37.742 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  48.00
       Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.29E+000  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.44E+000  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.40E+00  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.538E-001 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.72  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  1.758  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  0.962
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7132
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8791
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0397  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7436  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4975
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6965
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.4575
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   0.5565
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :   3.6017

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  9.19E+004 Pa (689 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 0.962
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  3.27E-011 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.25E-012 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.18E-009 
       Mackay model           :  2.61E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.8E-010 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   4.0369 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     2.650 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    31.795 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.9E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  67.7
      Log Koc:  1.831 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.397 (BCF = 24.95)
       log Kow used: 2.72 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.4 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:     0.8671  hours   (52.03 min)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      80.68  hours   (3.362 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              99.82  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.02  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.46  percent
    Total to Air:               98.33  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       38.8            65.8         1000       
   Water     59.7            360          1000       
   Soil      0.959           720          1000       
   Sediment  0.601           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 103 hr




                    

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