ChemSpider 2D Image | 1,2-Dichloropropane | C3H6Cl2

1,2-Dichloropropane

  • Molecular FormulaC3H6Cl2
  • Average mass112.986 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass111.984657 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6316

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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1,2-Dichloropropane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,2-Dichloropropane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,2-Dichlorpropan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
78-87-5 [RN]
Propane, 1,2-dichloro- [ACD/Index Name]
propylene dichloride
α,β-Dichloropropane
1,2-Dichloro-propane
1,2-ジクロロプロパン [Japanese]
201-152-2 [EINECS]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

ENT 15406 [DBID]
UN 1279 [DBID]
02577_FLUKA [DBID]
45438_RIEDEL [DBID]
48529_SUPELCO [DBID]
AI3-15406 [DBID]
BRN 1718880 [DBID]
Caswell No. 324 [DBID]
CCRIS 951 [DBID]
D72182_ALDRICH [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor. [pesticide] NIOSH TX9625000
    • Safety:

      11/20/2022 Alfa Aesar L03083
      11/20/2022 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar L03083
      11-20/22 Alfa Aesar L03083
      16-24 Alfa Aesar L03083
      2/16/2024 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar L03083
      3 Alfa Aesar L03083
      Danger Alfa Aesar L03083
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar L03083
      FLAMMABLE / HARMFUL Alfa Aesar L03083
      H225-H302-H332 Alfa Aesar L03083
      P210-P261-P280-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar L03083
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately Skin: Soap wash promptly Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately NIOSH TX9625000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH TX9625000
    • Symptoms:

      Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; drowsiness, dizziness; liver, kidney damage; in animals: central nervous system depression; [potential occupational carcinogen] NIOSH TX9625000
    • Target Organs:

      Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, central nervous system Cancer Site [in animals: liver & mammary gland tumors] NIOSH TX9625000
    • Incompatibility:

      Strong oxidizers, strong acids, active metals NIOSH TX9625000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet (flammable) Change: No recommendation Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench NIOSH TX9625000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : Ca See Appendix A OSHA PEL ?: TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH TX9625000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      685 (estimated with error: 72) NIST Spectra mainlib_227646, replib_34349, replib_290887
      1058 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gerbino, T., Gas chromatographic separation and automatic identification of complex mixtures of organic solvents in indrustrial wates, J. Chromatogr., 585, 1991, 273-280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      688 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2/He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Interpretation of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices in estimation of Structures of Isomeric Products of Radical Chlorinating of Alkyl Arenes, Zh. Org. Khim., 37(2), 2001, 283-293, In original 283-293., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Criteria for Evaluation of Elution Order of Isomeric Organic Compounds, Zh. Phys. Khim. (Rus.), 77(1), 2003, 92-98, In original 92-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      677.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      668.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(4min)=>(7C/min)=>190C=>(10C/min)=>250C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, J.-H.; Hwang, S.M.; Lee, D.W.; Heo, G.S., Determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using tedlar bag/solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME/GC/MS) in ambient and workplace air, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 23(3), 2002, 488-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      684 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.75 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography, in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      675.7 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min) =>4C/min =>130C =>25C/min =>200C(5min); CAS no: 78875; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miermans, C.J.H.; van der Velde, L.E.; Frintrop, P.C.M., Analysis of volatile organic compounds, using the purge and trap injector coupled to a gas chromatograph/ion-trap mass spectrometer: Review of the results in Dutch surface water of the Rhine, Meuse, Northern Delta Area and Westerscheldt, over the period 1992-1997, Chemosphere, 40, 2000, 39-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      678.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      691 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Reciprocally Unambiguous Conformity Between GC Retention Indices and Boiling Points within Two- and Multidimensional Taxonomic Groups of Organic Compounds, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 21(10), 1998, 565-568, In original 565-568., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A.; Herzschuh, R., Correlation of the Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices with the Differences of Innermolecular Energies of Reagents and Products of Chemical Reactions, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(11), 1996, 1685-1691, In original 1685-1691.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      670 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      674 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 75-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      678.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      695 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arruda, A.C.S.; Junkes, B. da.S.; Souza, E.S.; Yunes, R.A.; Heizen, V.E.F., Semi-Emlirical Topological Index to Predict Properties of Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chemometrics, 22(3-4), 2008, 186-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      701.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wentworth, W.E.; Helias, N.; Zlatkis, A.; Chen, E.C.M.; Stearns, S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatography peak identification, J. Chromatogr. A, 795, 1998, 319-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      703 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sorimachi, J.; Tanabe, A.; Mitobe, H.; Kuniaki, K.; Masaaki, S., Programmed temperature retention indices for volatile organic compounds on headspace GC/MS analysis, Niigata-ken Eisei Kogai Kenkyusho Nenpo, 11, 1995, 75-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Konukhova, S.V., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Ecologically Safe Freones, Vestn. of St. Petersburg Univ. (Rus.), , 1992, 66-70, In original 66-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      672 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 78875; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1044 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 78875; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 94.5±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 53.9±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 32.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 4.4±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.420
Molar Refractivity: 25.6±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.76
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.99
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 19.16
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 288.05
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.99
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 19.16
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 288.05
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 10.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 24.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 101.2±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.25
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.98
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1994)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  101.17  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -79.67  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  45.4  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -100 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  95.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  5.33E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2166
       log Kow used: 1.98 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  2800 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  HORVATH,AL (1982)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2193 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  2800.00
       Exper. Ref:  HORVATH,AL (1982)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.61E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   3.15E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.82E-03  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.116E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.98  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.938  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.918
      Log Koa (experimental database):  2.960

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.4710
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0910
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.6031  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.4835  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3773
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1591
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5873
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  7.11E+003 Pa (53.3 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 2.960
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.22E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.24E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.52E-008 
       Mackay model           :  3.38E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.79E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.4421 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    24.192 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.45E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  67.7
      Log Koc:  1.831 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  3.803E-007  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 5.775E+004  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 5.775E+005  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.825 (BCF = 6.677)
       log Kow used: 1.98 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.00282 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.305  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      103.4  hours   (4.307 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              53.67  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.06  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.26  percent
    Total to Air:               52.36  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       38.6            581          1000       
   Water     43.5            900          1000       
   Soil      17.8            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.164           8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 194 hr




                    

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