ChemSpider 2D Image | Isobutyric acid | C4H8O2

Isobutyric acid

  • Molecular FormulaC4H8O2
  • Average mass88.105 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass88.052429 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6341

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2-methyl-propanoic acid
2-Methylpropanoic acid [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Methylpropansäure [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-methyl-propionic acid
2-Methylpropionic acid
79-31-2 [RN]
Acide 2-méthylpropanoïque [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
a-Methylpropanoic acid
a-Methylpropionic acid
isobutanoic acid
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

240168_ALDRICH [DBID]
46935U_SUPELCO [DBID]
58360_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-24260 [DBID]
bmse000439 [DBID]
BRN 0635770 [DBID]
C02632 [DBID]
Caswell No. 503AA [DBID]
CHEBI:16135 [DBID]
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 101502 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a strong penetrating odour of rancid butter Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2-Methylpropionic acid
    • Safety:

      21/22 Alfa Aesar L04038
      3 Alfa Aesar L04038
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar L04038
      H226-H302-H312 Alfa Aesar L04038
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar L04038
      Warning Alfa Aesar L04038
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      711 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_228227, replib_672, replib_150834, replib_250377, replib_19501, replib_375975
      1519 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(1), 1989, 139-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1574 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      731 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C(2min)=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=>3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Sil5 CB MS; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1179-1184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      780 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2/He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      756 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      723 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robacker, D.C.; Bartelt, R.J., Chemicals attractive to Mexican fruit fly from Klebsiella pneumoniae and Citrobacter freundii cultures sampled by solid-phase microextraction MICROEXTRACTION, J. Chem. Ecol., 23(12), 1997, 2897-2915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      753 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Radulovic, N.S.; Blagojevic, P.D.; Palic, R.M.; Zlatkovic, B.K.; Stevanovic, B.M., Volatiles from vegetative organs of the paleoendemic resurrection plants Ramonda serbica Panc. and Ramonda nathaliae Panc. at Petrov, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 74(1), 2009, 35-44., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Francais, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 29, 1997, 405-410.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      738 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 205 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: RTX-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.L.; Tournayre, P.; Cambou, S., Novel multi-gas chromatography?olfactometry device and software for the identification of odour-active compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 1146, 2007, 85-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      758 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1923-1931.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      803.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      775 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 400-406.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      797 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      757 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=> 5C/min => 200C =>20C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 64, 2004, 458-466., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>5C/min=>200C=>20C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      744 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Begnaud, F.; Peres, C.; Berdague, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 83(10), 2003, 837-849.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C (30min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marti, M.P.; Mestres, M.; Sala, C.; Busto, O.; Guasch, J., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography olfactometry analysis of successively diluted samples. A new approach of the aroma extract dilution analysis applied to the characterization of wine aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7861-7865.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      742.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in "Terrincho" ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      741 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      739 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ngassoum, M.B.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G., SPME/GC/MS analysis of headspace aroma compounds of the Cameroonian fruit Tetrapleura tetraptera (Thonn.) Taub., Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213, 2001, 18-21.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: BP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 79, 1999, 1461-1467.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      767 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Timon, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martin, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5143-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      770 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>3C/min=>95C=>10C/min=>270C(10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Aguirrezabal, M.; Dominguez, C.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in Spanish paprika, J. Food Comp. Anal., 10, 1997, 225-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      765 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: EC-1000; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Delabre, M.-L.; Bendall, J.F., Flavour ingredients from fermented dairy streams, Expression of Multidisciplinary Flavour Sci., , 9999, 375-378.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1586 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1585 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., , 2008, 1-12., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1618 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (4 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 50 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 175 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yongsheng, T.; Hua, L.; Hua, W.; Li, Z., Volatile composition of young Cabernet Savignon red wine from Changli Counti (China), J. Food Composition and Analysis, 21, 2008, 689-694.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(4min) => 30C/min=> 60C (5min) => 3C/min =>220C(40min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ziegleder, G., Volatile and odorous compounds in unprinted paperboard, Packag. Technol. Sci., 11, 1998, 231-239., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 532-537., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontan, A.; Gatti, P.; Martinez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 32(1), 2007, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1563 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(4min)=>4C/min=>130C=>1C/min => 190C => 4C/min =>220C(20min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mayorga, H.; Knapp, H.; Winterhalter, P.; Duque, C., Glycosidically bound flavor compounds of cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1904-1908., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>50C(2min) =>6C/min =>180C=> 10C/min => 230C(10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lasekan, O.; Buettner, A.; Christlbauer, M., Investigation of important odorants of palm wine (Elaeis guineensis), Food Chem., 105, 2007, 15-23.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1572 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Povolo, M.; Contarini, G.; Mele, M.; Secchiari, P., Study on the influence of pasture on volatile fraction of Ewes' dairy products by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 556-569.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1552 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 523-531.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1568 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 33(10), 2007, 143-147., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>5C/min =>150C =>10C/min =>240C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Krings, U.; Zelena, K.; Wu, S.; Berger, R.G., Thin-layer high-vacuum distillation to isolate volatile flavour compounds of cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 675-681., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 79, 1999, 1461-1467.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1597 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(2min) =>4C/min =>130C =>8C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weldegergis B.T.; Tredoux A.G.J.; Crouch A.M., Application of a headspace sorptive extraction method for the analysis of volatile components in South African wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 8696-8702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1555 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Okuno, Y., Volatile components from the roots of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl., Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 398-400., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1561 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>4C/min =>240C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 198, 1994, 292-296., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C., Studies on the aroma of pinuela fruit pulp (Bromelia plumieri): Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 21(10), 1998, 577-581., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kishimoto, T.; Wanikawa, A.; Kono, K.; Shibata, K., Comparison of the Odor-Active Compounds in Unhopped Beer and Beers Hopped with Different Hop Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8855-8861.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1553 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Komes, D.; Ulrich, D.; Lovric, T., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Croatian Rhine Riesling wine, subregion Zagorje, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 222, 2006, 1-7., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C., Studies on the aroma of pinuela fruit pulp (Bromelia plumieri): Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 21(10), 1998, 577-581.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1566 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>5C/min =>150C =>10C/min =>240C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Krings, U.; Zelena, K.; Wu, S.; Berger, R.G., Thin-layer high-vacuum distillation to isolate volatile flavour compounds of cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 675-681.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1549 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1571 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1569 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(4min)=>4C/min=>130C=>1C/min => 190C => 4C/min =>220C(20min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mayorga, H.; Knapp, H.; Winterhalter, P.; Duque, C., Glycosidically bound flavor compounds of cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1904-1908., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de la Fuente, E.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Characterization of Spanish unifloral honeys by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Sep. Sci., 28, 2005, 1093-1100.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1592 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Stabilwax DA; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nogueira, M.C.L.; Lubachevsky, G.; Rankin, S.A., A study of the volatile composition of Minas cheese, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 38, 2005, 555-563.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1579 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 175 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S.; Vejaphan, W.; Meyers, S.P., Characterization of Volatile Components of Menhaden Fish (Brevoortia tyrannus) Oil, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 66(1), 1989, 114-117., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 92, 2005, 221-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1588 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cullere, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1653-1660., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Ortin, N.; Escudero, A.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J., Chemical characterization of the aroma of grenache Rose wines: aroma extract dilution analysis, quantitative determination, and sensory reconstitution studies, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 4048-4054., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, R.; Ortin, N.; Perez-Trujillo, J.P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Impact odorants of different young white wines from the Canary islands, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3419-3425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1584 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Gonzalez, M.; de Lorenzo, C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanza, J., Characterization of artisanal honeys from Madrid (Central Spain) on the basis of their melissopalynological, physicochemical and volatile composition data, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 121-130., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Aznar, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J.F.; Ferreira, V., Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2924-2929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4818-4824.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1594 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1583 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1.2min) =>16C/min =>150C => 66C/min => 240C (2.5min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Qualitative comparison of whisky samples using fast GC/TOFMS, 2003., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 297-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1557 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guth, H., Identification of character impact odorants of different white wine varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3022-3026., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 185 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, S.-J.; Noble, A.C., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Californian Chardonnay wines using GC-olfactometry and GC-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 8036-8044.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>5C/min =>120C =>25C/min => 230C(5min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mallouchos, A.; Skandamis, P.; Loukatos, P.; Komaitis, M.; Koutinas, A.; Kanellaki, M., Volatile compounds of wines produced by cells immobilized on grape skins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3060-3066.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1565 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 100C => 3C/min => 180C =>20C/min => 210C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marti, M.P.; Mestres, M.; Sala, C.; Busto, O.; Guasch, J., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography olfactometry analysis of successively diluted samples. A new approach of the aroma extract dilution analysis applied to the characterization of wine aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7861-7865., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 2003, 19-33., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 400-406.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1535 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C.; Fujimoto, Y., Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors in Melon de olor fruit pulp (Sicana odorifera), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6200-6204., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Kator, K., Volatile constituents of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) as affected by extraction process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(4), 1993, 633-636., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4097-4101., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Identification of aroma compounds in Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese by gas chromatography/olfactometry, J. Dairy Sci., 85(6), 2002, 1362-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lecanu, L.; Ducruet, V.; Jouquand, C.; Gratadoux, J.J.; Feigenbaum, A., Optimization of headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the odor analysis of surface-ripened cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 3810-3817.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1590 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: TRWAX; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Torrens, J., El analisis del aroma aplicado al control de calidad del cava [CS2002 Analisis sensorial (vino)], 2002.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from newly hybrid citrus, dekopon (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5355-5359.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1591 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) => 4C/min =>200C(10min) => 1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ozcan, M.; Akgul, A.; Bascr, K.H.C.; Ozck, T.; Tabanca, N., Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey, Nahrung/Food, 45, 2001, 353-356.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1524 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C.; Fujimoto, Y., Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors in Melon de olor fruit pulp (Sicana odorifera), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6200-6204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1560 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 532-537., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2764-2769., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lambert, Y.; Demazeau, G.; Largeteau, A.; Bouvier, J.-M., Changes in aromatic volatile composition of strawberry after high pressure treatment, Food Chem., 67, 1999, 7-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1587 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Campeanu, G.; Burcea, M.; Doneanu, C.; Namolosanu, I.; Visan, L., GC/MS characterization of the volatiles isolated from the wines obtained from the indigenous cultivar Feteasca Regala, Analusis, 26, 1998, 93-97.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1551 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1566.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(5min) =>1C/min =>200C=>20C/min =>210C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, D.D.L.C.; Reichenbacher, M.; Danzer, K.; Hurlbeck, C.; Bartzsch, C.; Feller, K.-H., Investigations on wine bouquet components by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography (SPME-CGC) using different fibers, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 20, 1997, 665-668.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wada, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds from a wine using solid phase extraction, gas chromatography, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 4362-4366.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 70(2), 1996, 151-160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Rapp, A.; Cacho, J.F.; Hastrich, H.; Yavas, I., Fast and quantitative determination of wine flavor compounds using microextraction with Freon 113, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(9), 1993, 1413-1420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1538.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arnoldi, A.; Arnoldi, C.; Baldi, O.; Griffini, A., Flavor components in the Maillard reaction of different amino acids with fructose in cocoa butter-water. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(5), 1988, 988-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      752 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>10C/min =>45C (5min) =>5C/min => 250C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Place, R.B.; Imhof, M.; Teuber, M.; Olivier Bosset, J., Distribution of the volatile (flavour) compounds in Raclette cheese produced with different staphylococci in the smear, Mitt. Lebensmittelunters. Hyg., 94, 2003, 192-211.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      732 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      723 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bartelt, R.J., Calibration of a commercial solid-phase microextraction device for measuring headspace concentrations of organic volatiles, Anal. Chem., 69, 1997, 364-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      738 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tretyakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., 2011.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 6 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 398-402.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      793 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>180C 20C/min => 240C(10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zimmermann, M.; Schieberle, P., Important odorants of sweet bell pepper powder (Capsicum annuum cv. annuum): differences between samples of Hungarian and Morrocan origin, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 211, 2000, 175-180., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      765 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernandez, M.; Ordonez, J.A., Changes in selected biochemical and sensory parameters as affected by the superficial inoculation of Penicillium camemberti on dry fermented sausages, Int. J. Food Microbiol., 85, 2003, 111-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>40C/min => 50C (2min) => 240C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1338-1344.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1581 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Botelho, G.; Caldeira, I.; Mendes-Faia, A.; Climaco, M.C., Evaluation of two quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry methods for clonal red wines differentiation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 414-420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1584 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(3min) => 2C/min =>220C=>3C/min =>245C (20min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Selli, S.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A.; Erten, H.; Nurgel, C.; Lepoutre, J.P.; Gunata, Z., Volatile composition of red wine from cv. Kalecik Karasi grown in central Anatolia, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 207-213., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(3min) =>2C/min =>220C=>3C/min=> 245C(20min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Selli, S.; Canbas, A.; Cabaroglu, T.; Erten, H.; Lepoutre, J.-P.; Gunata, Z., Effect of skin contact on the free and bound aroma compounds of the white wine of Vitis vinifera L. cv Narince, Food Control, 17, 2006, 75-82., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(3min)=>2C/min=>220C=>3C/min=>245C (20min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Selli, S.; Canbas, A.; Cabaroglu, T.; Erten, H.; Gunata, Z., Aroma components of cv. Muscat of Bornova wines and influence of skin contact treatment, Food Chem., 94, 2006, 319-326., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3.5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Botelho, G.; Caldeira, I.; Mendes-Faia, A.; Climaco, M.C., Evaluation of two quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry methods for clonal red wines differentiation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 414-420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1544 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Osorio, C.; Alarcon, M.; Moreno, C.; Bonilla, A.; Barrios, J.; Garzon, C.; Duque, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Champa ( Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 509-516., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Quijano, C.E.; Linares, D.; Pino, J.A., Changes in volatile compounds of fermented cereza agria [Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels] fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 392-394.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1558 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>40C/min =>60C(1min)=> 6C/min =>180C =>15C/min =>240C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frauendorfer, F.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key aroma compounds in Cocoa powder based on molecular sensoly correlations, J. Agr. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 5521-5529.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1585 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: LM-120; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pinto, A.B.; Guedes, C.M.; Moreira, R.F.A.; de Maria, C.A.B., Volatile constituents from headspace and aqueous solution of genipap (Genipa americana) fruit isolated by the solid-phase extraction method, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 488-491., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1539 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonvehi, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 19-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 6 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 398-402.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1588 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fang, Y.; Qian, M., Aroma compounds in Oregon Pinot Noir wine determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 22-29., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1587 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1595 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min) =>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min => 220C (13.5min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Steinhart, H., Identification and evaluation of volatile odor-active pollutants from different odor emission sources in the food industry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 220, 2005, 226-231.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1549 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 10 s; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappala, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 10 s; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappala, M.; Bonaccorsi, I., SPME-GC-MS analysis of honey volatile components for the characterization of different floral origin, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 33(15), 2001, 18-21.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1579 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4524-4528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1520 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 305-312., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 1999-2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1556 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(0.7min) =>20C/min =>70C =>4C/min=> 240C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5670-5676., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2948-2953., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax Etr; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Menager, I.; Jost, M.; Aubert, C., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of strawberry (Cv. Cigaline) during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1248-1254., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1572 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1580 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahajan, S.S.; Goddik, L.; Qian, M.C., Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey Powder, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 4057-4063.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1555 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Aubert, C.; Gunata; Ambid, C.; Baumes, R., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of yellow- and white-fleshed nectarines during maturation and artificial ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3083-3091.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1608 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boido, E.; Lloret, A.; Medina, K.; Farina, L.; Carrau, f.; Versini, G.; Dellacassa, E., Aroma composition of Vitis vinifera Cv. Tannat: the typical red wine from Uruguay, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5408-5413.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1547 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 305-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1571 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>180C 20C/min => 240C(10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zimmermann, M.; Schieberle, P., Important odorants of sweet bell pepper powder (Capsicum annuum cv. annuum): differences between samples of Hungarian and Morrocan origin, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 211, 2000, 175-180., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moreira, R.F.A.; Trugo, L.C.; Pietroluongo, M.; de Maria, C.A.B., Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7616-7621., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Aroma compounds from aqueous solution of Haze (Rhus succedanea) honey determined by adsorptive column chromatography, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3913-3918.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1553 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1562 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C (2min) =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rychlik, M.; Bosset, J.O., Flavour and off-flavour compoundsof SwissGruy "ere cheese. Evaluation of potent odorants, Int. Dairy J., 11, 2001, 895-901.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C (40min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ziegleder, G., Odorous compounds in paperboard as influenced by recycled material and storage, Packag. Technol. Sci., 14, 2001, 131-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1573 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Charles, M.; Martin, B.; Ginies, C.; Etievant, P.; Coste, G.; Guichard, E., Potent aroma compounds of two red wine vinegars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 70-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1575 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 65, 1998, 317-333., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 67, 2000, 273-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 65, 1998, 317-333., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 67, 2000, 273-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1564 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1944-1953.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1565 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) =>40C/min =>60C (2min) =>6C/min =>230C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kubickova, J.; Grosch, W., Evaluation of potent odorants of camembert cheese by dilution and concentration techniques, Int. Dairy J., 7, 1997, 65-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1548 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min); CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1338-1344.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1574 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3601-3605.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C (5min) => 2C/min =>70C => 4C/min => 210C; CAS no: 79312; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 387, 1987, 371-378.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 155.2±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1.6±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 43.2±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 55.6±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.408
Molar Refractivity: 22.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.59
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.05
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 11.60
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -1.74
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 8.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 30.5±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 89.6±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.00
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.94
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1993)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  153.79  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -8.29  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  3.27  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -46 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  154.4 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.81E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  4.918e+004
       log Kow used: 0.94 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1.67e+005 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1.5994e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  167000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   9.65E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   9.09E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 8.85E-07  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  7.709E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.94  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.442  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.382
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7783
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9169
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.3691  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.1062  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5813
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7419
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6979
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  241 Pa (1.81 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.382
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.24E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.92E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.49E-007 
       Mackay model           :  9.94E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.73E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   2.3096 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     4.631 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    55.574 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.22E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.895
      Log Koc:  0.278 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.94 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  8.85E-007 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      621.9  hours   (25.91 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       6864  hours   (286 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.93  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.79  percent
    Total to Air:                0.05  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       6.7             128          1000       
   Water     37              208          1000       
   Soil      56.2            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.0691          1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 280 hr




                    

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