ChemSpider 2D Image | Lactobionic acid | C12H22O12

Lactobionic acid

  • Molecular FormulaC12H22O12
  • Average mass358.296 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass358.111115 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7040
  • defined stereocentres - 9 of 9 defined stereocentres


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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

(2R,3R,4R,5R)-2,3,5,6-Tetrahydroxy-4-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}hexanoic acid
(2R,3R,4R,5R)-2,3,5,6-Tetrahydroxy-4-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}hexansäure [German]
4-(b-D-Galactosido)-D-gluconic Acid
4-O-b-D-galactopyranosyl-D-gluconic acid
4-O-β-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-gluconic acid [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-O-β-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-gluconsäure [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
96-82-2 [RN]
Acide (2R,3R,4R,5R)-2,3,5,6-tétrahydroxy-4-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxyméthyl)tétrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}hexanoïque [French]
Acide 4-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-gluconique [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
D-gluconic acid, 4-O-b-D-galactopyranosyl-
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

MFCD00078147 [DBID]
Prestwick_560 [DBID]
Prestwick0_000452 [DBID]
Prestwick1_000452 [DBID]
SPBio_002463 [DBID]

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 864.7±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 142.8±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 319.1±27.8 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.648
Molar Refractivity: 72.8±0.4 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 12
#H bond donors: 9
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 8
#Rule of 5 Violations: 2
ACD/LogP: -4.06
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -6.24
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -7.63
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 218 Å2
Polarizability: 28.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 119.9±5.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 200.0±5.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -4.46

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  628.07  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  272.42  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.81E-018  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 9.59E-016 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1e+006
       log Kow used: -4.46 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.75E-021  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  8.533E-025 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -4.46  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -18.949  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  14.489
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.2248
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.6564
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   4.0344  (days        )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.7325  (hours-days  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   1.0778
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7207
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.1563
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.28E-013 Pa (9.59E-016 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 14.489
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.35E+007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  75.7 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1 
       Mackay model           :  1 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 111.8493 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.096 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.148 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  10
      Log Koc:  1.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -4.46 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.75E-021 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:  4.03E+017  hours   (1.679E+016 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 4.396E+018  hours   (1.832E+017 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.85  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.75  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.000541        2.3          1000       
   Water     26.8            55.9         1000       
   Soil      73.2            112          1000       
   Sediment  0.0344          503          0          
     Persistence Time: 123 hr




                    

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