ChemSpider 2D Image | n-Butyl butanoate | C8H16O2

n-Butyl butanoate

  • Molecular FormulaC8H16O2
  • Average mass144.211 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass144.115036 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7694

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n-Butyl butanoate
109-21-7 [RN]
1-Butyl butyrate
Butanoic acid butyl ester
Butanoic acid, butyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
butyl butanoate
Butyl butylate
Butyl butyrate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Butylbutanoat [German]
Butylbutyrat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

19290_FLUKA [DBID]
281964_ALDRICH [DBID]
67367_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-06125 [DBID]
BRN 1747101 [DBID]
CCRIS 6551 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2186 [DBID]
NSC 8458 [DBID]
NSC8458 [DBID]
W218618_ALDRICH [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a fruity, pineapple-like odour on dilution Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations n-Butyl n-butanoate
    • Safety:

      10 Alfa Aesar B24390
      2 Alfa Aesar B24390
      3 Alfa Aesar B24390
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar B24390
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar B24390
      H226 Alfa Aesar B24390
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar B24390
      Warning Alfa Aesar B24390
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      984 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_228835, replib_118794, replib_21293
      979.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 19(3), 2006, 243-247.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      977 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      983 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -100 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P., Volatile flavours of Australian tropical fruits, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 1988, 201-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      982 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Srisukh, D., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XV. Molecular retention indices of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 45-52., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      990 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 262, 1983, 316-320., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 281, 1983, 299-303., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P.; Schwede, A.M., Production of volatile componds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(4), 1989, 1023-1025.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      991 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      969 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      980 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 60, 1971, 33-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (10min) => 2C/min => 75C =>3C/min => 150C =>5C/min => 200C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment., 20(2), 2000, 164-171.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      940 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1251 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BP-20; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wyllie, S.G.; Leach, D.N., Aroma volatiles of Cucumis melo cv. golden crispy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2042-2044.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1221 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1215 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1230 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      979 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 14(3), 2008, 269-276., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 858, 1999, 187-199.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      969 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Joulain, D.; Casazza, A.; Laurent, R.; Portier, D.; Guillamon, N.; Pandya, R.; Le, M.; Viljoen, A., Volatile flavor constituents of fruits from Southern Africa: mobola plum (Parinari curatellifolia), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2322-2325.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>2C/min=>110C=>5C/min=>200C(10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 297-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      977 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 36(6), 1989, 455-462., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dirinck, P.J.; de Pooter, H.L.; Willaert, G.A.; Schamp, N.M., Flavor quality of cultivated strawberries: the role of the sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 316-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      987 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, S.; Jennings, W.G., Volatile composition of certain Amazonian fruits, Food Chem., 4(2), 1979, 149-159.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 78, 1977, 244-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1000 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 142 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored "Fuji Kiki-8" apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(11), 2009, 4931-4938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      997 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 39, 2006, 437-443., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Raffo, A.; Kelderer, M.; Paoletti, F.; Zanella, A., Impact of innovative controlled atmosphere storage technologies and postharvest treatment on volatile compound production in Cv. Pinova apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(3), 2009, 915-923.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      995 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 37, 2009, 206-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      994 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min) =>5C/min =>100C =>10C/min =>250C (9min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9503-9513.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (10 min) ^ 2 oC/min -> 75 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =>1C/min =>100C=> 5C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 78, 2006, 1419-1432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) =>4C/min =>175C =>10C/min =>260C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: VB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karlshoj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4289-4298.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      993 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C=>4C/min =>95C=> 5C/min =>115C=> 10C/min =>200C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Crook, L.R.; Boylston, T.D.; Glatz, B.A., Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6997-7004., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 85, 2004, 195-197., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 39, 2006, 437-443., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      987.6 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Volatile components in aqueous essence and fresh fruit of Cucumis melo cv. Athena (muskmelon) by GC-MS and GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5929-5933.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (6 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 90 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Tandon, K.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Aromatic profile of aqueous banana essence and banana fruit by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4813-4817.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      992.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (6 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 90 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Tandon, K.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Aromatic profile of aqueous banana essence and banana fruit by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4813-4817.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1004 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Luo, J.; Agnew, M.P., Gas characteristics before and after biofiltration treating odorous emissions from animal rendering processes, Environ. Technol., 22(9), 2001, 1091-1103.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ngassoum, M.B.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G., SPME/GC/MS analysis of headspace aroma compounds of the Cameroonian fruit Tetrapleura tetraptera (Thonn.) Taub., Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213, 2001, 18-21.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1218 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 142 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored "Fuji Kiki-8" apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(11), 2009, 4931-4938., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 78, 1977, 244-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1206 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (1 min) ^ 2.9 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Alspach, P.A.; Whitworth, C.J.; Oraguzie, N.C., Heriability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(17), 2009, 7944-7952., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (1 min) ^ 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Dimouro A.; Alspach P.A.; Weskett R.; Volz, R.K.; Gardiner, S.E.; Chagne, D., Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a "Royal Gala" x "Granny Smith" apple (Malus x domestica) cross, J. Agr. Food Chem., 57, 2009, 7953-7961.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1225 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 110 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Valappil, Z.A.; Fan, X.; Zhang, H.Q.; Rouseff, R.L., Impact of thermal and nonthermal processing technologies on unfermented apple cider aroma vilatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(3), 2009, 924-929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1219 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 14(3), 2008, 269-276., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ha, J.K.; Lindsay, R.C., Mass spectra of butyl esters of volatile branched-chain and other fatty acids occurring in milkfat and meat lipids, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2, 1989, 118-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1228 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Echeverria, G.; Correa, E.; Ruiz-Altisent, M.; Graell, J.; Puy, J.; Lopez, L., Characterization of Fuji apples from different harvest dates and storage conditions from measurements of volatiles by gas chromatography and electronic nose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 3069-3076., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>142C =>5C/min =>225C (10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lara, I.; Echeverria, G.; Graell, J.; Lopez, M.L., Volatile Emission after Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Mondial Gala Apples (Malus domestica): Relationship to Some Involved Enzyme Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 6087-6095., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>142C =>5C/min =>225C (10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Echeverria, G.; Fuentes, M.T.; Graell, J.; Lopez, M.L., Relationships between volatile production, fruit quality and sensory evaluation of Fuji apples stored in different atmospheres by means of multivariate analysis, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2003, 5-20., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>142C =>5C/min =>225C(10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, M.L.; Villatoro, C.; Fuentes, T.; Graell, J.; Lara, I.; Echeverria, G., Volatile compounds, quality parameters and consumer acceptance of 'Pink Lady(R)' apples stored in different conditions, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 43, 2007, 55-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1220 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min =>200C (5min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4510-4516.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1207 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rizzolo, A.; Cambiaghi, P.; Grassi, M.; Zerbini, P.E., Influence of 1-Methylcyclopropene and Storage Atmosphere on Changes in Volatile Compounds and Fruit Quality of Conference Pears, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9781-9789.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1221 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: PEG-20M; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 24(2), 2004, 212-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1205 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 297-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1216 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (5min) => 2C/min =>50C => 5C/min=> 200C(5min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mattheis, J.P.; Buchanan, D.A.; Fellman, J.K., Volatile compounds emitted by sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing) during fruit development and ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(3), 1992, 471-474., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 90 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 20 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Girard, B.; Lau, O.L., Effect of maturity and storage on quality and volatile production of 'Jonagold' apples, Food Res. Int., 28(5), 1995, 465-471., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2290-2297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1243 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1263-1265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1229 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C (1min) =>3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min =>230C (5min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, M.L.; Lavilla, T.; Recasens, I.; Riba, M.; Vendrell, M., Influence of different oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations during storage on production of volatile compounds by Starking delicious apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 634-643., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) => 3C/min =>142C (2min) =>25C/min =>230C(5min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Cross-linked FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lavilla, T.; Puy, J.; Lopez, M.L.; Recasens, I.; Vendrell, M., Relationships between volatile production, fruit quality, and sensory evaluation in Granny Smith apples stored in different controlled-atmosphere treatments by means of multivariate analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3791-3803., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) => 3C/min =>142C(2min)=> 25C/min=>230C(5min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, M.L.; Lavilla, M.T.; Recasens, I.; Graell, J.; Vendrell, M., Changes in aroma quality of 'Golden Delicious' apples after storage at different oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations, J. Sci. Food Agric., 80, 2000, 311-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      969 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brat, P.; Rega, B.; Alter, P.; Reynes, M.; Brillouet, J.-M., Distribution of volatile compounds in the pulp, cloud, and serum of freshly squeezed orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3442-3447.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      982 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brat, P.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Reynes, M.; Cogat, P.-O.; Olle, D., Free volatile components of passion fruit puree obtained by flash vacuum-expansion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6210-6214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      977 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      979 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bauchot, A.D.; Mottram, D.S.; Dodson, A.T.; John, P., Effect of aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase antisense gene on the formation of volatile esters in cantaloupe charentais melon (Cv. Vedrandais), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(11), 1998, 4787-4792., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Balbontin, C.; Gaete-Eastman, C.; Vergara, M.; Herrera, R.; Moya-Leon, M.A., Treatment with 1-MCP and the role of ethylene in aroma development of mountain papaya fruit, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 43, 2007, 67-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      998 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>4C/min =>200C =>30C/min =>300C (3min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dharmawan, J.; Kasapis, S.; Curran, P.; Johnson, J.R., Characterization of volatile compounds in selected citrus fruits from Asia. Part I: freshly-squeezed juice, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 228-232., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 118, 2005, 414-418.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      993 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Quijano, C.E.; Salamanca, G.; Pino, J.A., Aroma volatile constituents of Colombian varieties of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 401-406., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 118, 2005, 414-418.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      990 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>5C/min =>200C (2min)=> 30C/min =>260C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Screening of Tropical Fruit Volatile Compounds Using Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) Fibers and Internally Cooled SPME Fiber, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8688-8696.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      994 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (1min) =>5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1345-1352., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 K/min -> 220 0C ^ 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Free and bound flavour components of Amazonian fruits: 2. cupuacu volatile compounds, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 251-257., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1002 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Maccioni, S.; Baldini, R., Phytochemical typologies in some populations of Myrtus communis L. on Caprione Promontory (East Liguria, Italy), Food Chem., 85, 2004, 599-604.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Alves, S.M.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile compounds of tapereba (Spondias mombin L.) and Caja (Spondias mombin L.) by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) and solid phase microextraction (SPME), J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 1387-1392.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1001 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 10 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: de Pooter, H.L.; Montens, J.P.; Willaert, G.A.; Dirinck, P.J.; Schamp, N.M., Treatment of golden delicious apples with aldehydes and carboxylic acids: effect on the headspace composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 813-818.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1223 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1218 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>10C/min =>80C =>2C/min =>240C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 1272-1278.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1221 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 97, 2006, 95-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1220 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>5C/min =>60C(30min) =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mehinagic, E.; Royer, G.; Symoneaux, R.; Jourjon, F.; Prost, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Apples: Influence of Cultivars and Maturity Stage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2678-2687.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1231 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>5C/min =>60C(30min) =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mehinagic, E.; Royer, G.; Symoneaux, R.; Jourjon, F.; Prost, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Apples: Influence of Cultivars and Maturity Stage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2678-2687.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1245 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1232 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7837-7843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1213 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1214 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min)=>10C/min =>80C=>2C/min=>240C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurso, C.; Romeo, V.; Zappala, M., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for rapid characterisation of semi-hard cheeses, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 380, 2004, 930-936.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1196 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brat, P.; Rega, B.; Alter, P.; Reynes, M.; Brillouet, J.-M., Distribution of volatile compounds in the pulp, cloud, and serum of freshly squeezed orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3442-3447.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1224 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moreira, R.F.A.; Trugo, L.C.; Pietroluongo, M.; de Maria, C.A.B., Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7616-7621.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1207 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1240 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (1min) =>3C/min => 170C =>4C/min =>200C (20min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Larrayoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 11, 2001, 911-926.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1183 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 K/min -> 220 0C ^ 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Free and bound flavour components of Amazonian fruits: 2. cupuacu volatile compounds, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 251-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1227 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1212 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frohlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(2), 1989, 421-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1215 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frohlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(2), 1989, 421-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1210 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C (5min) => 2C/min =>70C => 4C/min => 210C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 387, 1987, 371-378.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1201 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Hwang, L.S.; Wu, J.S.-B.; Wu, C.-M., Headspace components of passion fruit juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 30, 1982, 1211-1215.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 165.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1.9±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 40.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 49.4±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.413
Molar Refractivity: 40.9±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.83
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.52
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 48.25
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 558.03
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.52
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 48.25
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 558.03
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 16.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 27.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 164.1±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.83

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  170.05  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -32.64  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.76  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -70.7 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  167.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.81E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  308.7
       log Kow used: 2.83 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  500 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  453.25 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  500.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.23E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   6.29E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 6.87E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.082E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.83  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.551  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.381
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9615
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9990
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.3190  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.1377  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8747
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9523
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6610
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  241 Pa (1.81 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.381
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.24E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.9E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.49E-007 
       Mackay model           :  9.94E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.72E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   6.2395 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.714 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    20.571 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.22E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  74.33
      Log Koc:  1.871 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  5.317E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:     150.863  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       4.130  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.478 (BCF = 30.06)
       log Kow used: 2.83 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000687 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      2.249  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      125.2  hours   (5.218 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              25.97  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     3.78  percent
    Total to Air:               22.10  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       5.69            24.2         1000       
   Water     24.3            208          1000       
   Soil      69.7            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.235           1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 227 hr




                    

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