ChemSpider 2D Image | 1-Chlorobutane | C4H9Cl

1-Chlorobutane

  • Molecular FormulaC4H9Cl
  • Average mass92.567 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass92.039276 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7714

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1-Chlorobutane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
109-69-3 [RN]
1-Chlorbutan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Chlorobutane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Chloro-n-butane
203-696-6 [EINECS]
4-01-00-00246 [Beilstein]
Butane, 1-chloro- [ACD/Index Name]
Butyl chloride
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

09651_FLUKA [DBID]
125008_ALDRICH [DBID]
19750_FLUKA [DBID]
34958_SIAL [DBID]
414255_ALDRICH [DBID]
496170_ALDRICH [DBID]
AI3-15309 [DBID]
BRN 1730909 [DBID]
CCRIS 1389 [DBID]
HSDB 4167 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Note low flash point and wideexplosion limit range. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,strong bases. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 2670 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11 Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      3 Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      9/16/2029 Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      9/16/2029 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar 39198
      9-16-29 Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      Danger Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      H225 Alfa Aesar 39198, A11494
      P210-P273-P403 Alfa Aesar A11494
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar 39198
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Remove sources ofignition from the working area. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      644 (estimated with error: 72) NIST Spectra mainlib_291407, replib_58835, replib_775, replib_228826
      638.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 10 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      642.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 0 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      647.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      659.61 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: ZB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Eduardo Quintanilla-Lopez, J.; Antonio Garcia-Dominguez, J., Improving the accuracy of Kovats' retention indices in isothermal gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 945, 2002, 185-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      640 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      630.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      654 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      641 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 105 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      634.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      637 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Interpretation of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices in estimation of Structures of Isomeric Products of Radical Chlorinating of Alkyl Arenes, Zh. Org. Khim., 37(2), 2001, 283-293, In original 283-293., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Marinichev, A.N., Comparison of Topological and Dynamics Molecular Characteristics for Precalculation of Chromatographic Retention Parameters of Organic Compounds (in Russian), Zh. Struct. Khim., 42(5), 2001, 893-902, In original 893-902., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Criteria for Evaluation of Elution Order of Isomeric Organic Compounds, Zh. Phys. Khim. (Rus.), 77(1), 2003, 92-98, In original 92-98., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      638.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      638 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Milina, R., Precalculation of gas chromatographic retention indices of linear 1-halogenoalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 463, 1989, 159-164.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      642 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      653 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arruda, A.C.S.; Junkes, B. da.S.; Souza, E.S.; Yunes, R.A.; Heizen, V.E.F., Semi-Emlirical Topological Index to Predict Properties of Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chemometrics, 22(3-4), 2008, 186-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      628 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Kresz, R.; Kovats, E., Solvation properties and limiting activity coefficients of halogenated hydrocarbons in C78H158 branched saturated alkane solvent, Fluid Phase Equilib., 210, 2003, 57-67.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      612 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Synachrom; Carrier gas: Helium; Substrate: Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dufka, O.; Malinsky, J.; Vladyka, J., Sorpcni materialy pro plynovou chromatographii - III, Chemicky promysl., 21/46(9), 1971, 459-463., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Konukhova, S.V., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Ecologically Safe Freones, Vestn. of St. Petersburg Univ. (Rus.), , 1992, 66-70, In original 66-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      656.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Silicone oil; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hepburn, D.R.; Hudson, H.R., Gas chromatography of alkyl halides on a silicone oil capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 103, 1975, 166-169.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 12, 1972, 2629-2633, In original 2697-2702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 12, 1972, 2629-2633, In original 2697-2702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      607 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Synachrom; Carrier gas: Helium; Substrate: Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dufka, O.; Malinsky, J.; Vladyka, J., Sorpcni materialy pro plynovou chromatographii - III, Chemicky promysl., 21/46(9), 1971, 459-463.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      844 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 150 C; Start time: 9 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sharp, M.-E.E., A comprehensive screen for volatile organic compounds in biological fluids, J. Anal. Toxicol., 25, 2001, 631-636.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      631 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      832 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109693; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 78.2±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 103.4±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 30.4±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -6.7±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.396
Molar Refractivity: 25.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.56
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.36
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 36.35
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 455.60
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.36
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 36.35
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 455.60
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 10.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 22.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 105.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.56
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.64
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  88.34  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -85.24  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  92.4  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -123.1 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  78.6 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.01E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  682.3
       log Kow used: 2.64 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1100 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  991.19 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1100.00
       Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.92E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.81E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.67E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.650E-002 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.64  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.166  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.806
      Log Koa (experimental database):  2.720

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7005
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8436
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1198  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.8826  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5865
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6276
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5021
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.35E+004 Pa (101 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 2.720
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.23E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.29E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  8.05E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.78E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.03E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   2.1662 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     4.938 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    59.251 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.29E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  80.77
      Log Koc:  1.907 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  2.850E-013  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 7.705E+010  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 7.705E+011  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.333 (BCF = 21.52)
       log Kow used: 2.64 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0167 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.016  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      91.75  hours   (3.823 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              86.80  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.56  percent
    Total to Air:               85.21  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       40.2            171          1000       
   Water     44              360          1000       
   Soil      15.4            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.387           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 141 hr




                    

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