ChemSpider 2D Image | bromopentane | C5H11Br

bromopentane

  • Molecular FormulaC5H11Br
  • Average mass151.045 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass150.004410 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7766

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

110-53-2 [RN]
1-Bromopentane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Bromopentane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Bromo-pentane
1-Brompentan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Pentyl bromide
203-776-0 [EINECS]
bromopentane
n-Amyl Bromide
n-Pentyl Bromide
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

MFCD00000267 [DBID]
RZ9770000 [DBID]
Z2S4R599P0 [DBID]
117811_ALDRICH [DBID]
17920_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-17813 [DBID]
NSC 7895 [DBID]
NSC7895 [DBID]
UNII:Z2S4R599P0 [DBID]
UNII-Z2S4R599P0 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      10-22-36/37/38-51/53 Alfa Aesar A10821
      26-36/37-61 Alfa Aesar A10821
      3 Alfa Aesar A10821
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A10821
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar A10821
      Flammable/Harmful/Irritant/Light Sensitive SynQuest 1100-9-24
      GHS02; GHS07 Biosynth Q-200116
      H226; H315; H319; H335 Biosynth Q-200116
      H226-H302-H315-H319-H335-H411 Alfa Aesar A10821
      Irritant/Flammable SynQuest 1100-9-24
      P261; P305+P351+P338 Biosynth Q-200116
      P280h-P273-P305+P351+P338 Alfa Aesar A10821
      Warning Alfa Aesar A10821
      Warning Biosynth Q-200116
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      814 (estimated with error: 62) NIST Spectra mainlib_228706, replib_58818, replib_4733, replib_107289
      806.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      807.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      808.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      809.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 0 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 10 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      813 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 175 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Casteignau, G.; Villessot, D., Identification par chromatographie en phase gaseuse de composes difonctionnels insatures. I. Synthese et indices de retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 9, 1968, 3893-3903.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      832.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb G; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B.; Newton, R., Inverse gas chromatography in the study of polymer degradation. Part I. Oxidation of squalene as a model for the oxidative degradation of natural rubber, Chromatographia, 9(11), 1976, 561-566., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      817.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      835 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      859 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      848 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1044 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Gas Chromatography Separation and Identification of Linear and Branched-Chain Alkyl Bromides, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 363-371.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1058 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Gas Chromatography Separation and Identification of Linear and Branched-Chain Alkyl Bromides, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 363-371.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1068 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Gas Chromatography Separation and Identification of Linear and Branched-Chain Alkyl Bromides, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 363-371.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 175 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Casteignau, G.; Villessot, D., Identification par chromatographie en phase gaseuse de composes difonctionnels insatures. I. Synthese et indices de retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 9, 1968, 3893-3903.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      822 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Kresz, R.; Kovats, E., Solvation properties and limiting activity coefficients of halogenated hydrocarbons in C78H158 branched saturated alkane solvent, Fluid Phase Equilib., 210, 2003, 57-67., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Milina, R., Precalculation of gas chromatographic retention indices of linear 1-halogenoalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 463, 1989, 159-164.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      819.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arruda, A.C.S.; Junkes, B. da.S.; Souza, E.S.; Yunes, R.A.; Heizen, V.E.F., Semi-Emlirical Topological Index to Predict Properties of Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chemometrics, 22(3-4), 2008, 186-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wentworth, W.E.; Helias, N.; Zlatkis, A.; Chen, E.C.M.; Stearns, S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatography peak identification, J. Chromatogr. A, 795, 1998, 319-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      826.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Silicone oil; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hepburn, D.R.; Hudson, H.R., Gas chromatography of alkyl halides on a silicone oil capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 103, 1975, 166-169.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 12, 1972, 2629-2633, In original 2697-2702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 12, 1972, 2629-2633, In original 2697-2702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      823 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); CAS no: 110532; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      835 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1052 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1055 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>5C/min=>220(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1042 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110532; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 129.3±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 12.5±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 35.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 31.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.443
Molar Refractivity: 32.9±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.27
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.42
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 234.37
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1729.72
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.42
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 234.37
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1729.72
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 13.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 27.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 124.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.14
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  3.37
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  125.48  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -53.82  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  12.4  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -95 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  129.8 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.26E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  99.43
       log Kow used: 3.37 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  127 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  245.56 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  127.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.64E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.28E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.97E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.479E-002 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.37  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.094  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  3.464
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7379
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.1499
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1927  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9343  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5576
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3422
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.9018
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.68E+003 Pa (12.6 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 3.464
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.79E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  7.14E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  6.45E-008 
       Mackay model           :  1.43E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.72E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   3.5793 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     2.988 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    35.860 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.04E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  149
      Log Koc:  2.173 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  3.176E-009  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 6.915E+006  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 6.915E+007  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.895 (BCF = 78.51)
       log Kow used: 3.37 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0197 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.291  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      117.1  hours   (4.881 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              88.94  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.05  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     5.91  percent
    Total to Air:               82.99  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       20.4            64.8         1000       
   Water     35.2            360          1000       
   Soil      43.2            720          1000       
   Sediment  1.2             3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 176 hr




                    

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