ChemSpider 2D Image | octene | C8H16

octene

  • Molecular FormulaC8H16
  • Average mass112.213 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass112.125198 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7833

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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

111-66-0 [RN]
1-Octen [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Octene [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Octène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
246-920-8 [EINECS]
n-octene
oct-1-ene
octene [Wiki]
α-Octene
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

MFCD00009548 [DBID] [MDL number]
442274_SUPELCO [DBID]
74900_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-28403 [DBID]
HSDB 1084 [DBID]
NCGC00091537-01 [DBID]
NSC 8457 [DBID]
NSC8457 [DBID]
O4806_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      10-38-51/53-65 Alfa Aesar A11146
      23-36/37-57-60-62 Alfa Aesar A11146
      3 Alfa Aesar A11146
      Danger Alfa Aesar A11146
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A11146
      Flammable SynQuest 1300-1-08
      H225-H304-H315-H411 Alfa Aesar A11146
      P210-P280g-P273-P243-P301+P330+P331-P315 Alfa Aesar A11146
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      807 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_227923, replib_1604, replib_191147
      786 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PMS-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Arutyunov, Y.I.; Kudryashov, S.Y.; Onuchak, L.A., Analysis of Mixtures Containing Unknown Components by Gas Chromatography: Determination of Molecular Mass, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 59(4), 2004, 358-365, In original 403-411., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Bohac, A., Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of all 93 acyclic octenes and their identification in fluid catalytic cracked gasoline, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 237-253., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 21(3), 1986, 149-151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeda, I., Use of literature values of temperature programmed retention indexes in qualitative analysis by isothermal gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 824-828., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-PONA; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 7(9), 1984, 542-544., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 822, 1998, 233-251., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.39 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Pacakova, V.; Hoch, K.; Smolkova, E., The Effect of Instrumentation on the Precision of Retention Indexes, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 320-324., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.39 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Pacakova, V.; Hoch, K.; Smolkova, E., The Effect of Instrumentation on the Precision of Retention Indexes, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 320-324., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.264 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 7(9), 1984, 542-544., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 42 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rudenko, G.I.; Mal'tsev, V.V.; Studenichnik, V.N.; Ustinov, E.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile substances evolved into atmosphere from polymer materials, Zh. Anal. Khim., 40(6), 1985, 1119-1127., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeda, I., Use of literature values of temperature programmed retention indexes in qualitative analysis by isothermal gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 824-828., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 55 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.35 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anders, G.; Anders, K.; Engewald, W., Identification of non-branched alkenylcycloalkanes with a terminal double bond from retention index increments, Chromatographia, 20(2), 1985, 83-86., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 822, 1998, 233-251., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.; Kuningas, K.; Strenze, T.; Orav, A.; Eisen, O., Retention and Thermodynamics of Solution of n-Alkenes in OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 406, 1987, 75-80., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 21(3), 1986, 149-151., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787.72 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 639, 1993, 239-253., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 40-45., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gaschrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 17(3), 1983, 160-165., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 12 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 659-662., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 4, 1981, 539-543.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(5min) =>2C/min =>140C= 5C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tuberoso, C.I.G.; Kowalczyk, A.; Coroneo, V.; Russo, M.T.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical Composition and Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 10148-10153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      780.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 93 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Bohac, A., Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of all 93 acyclic octenes and their identification in fluid catalytic cracked gasoline, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 237-253.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      784.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      783 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 1999, 495-506., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Majer, P.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane, Anal. Chem., 45(2), 1973, 293-302., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 115 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Majer, P.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane, Anal. Chem., 45(2), 1973, 293-302.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      780 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 662, 1994, 269-280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      785.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      781 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 21(3), 1986, 149-151., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 21(1), 1972, 39-47., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      781.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 21(3), 1986, 149-151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      793 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 6, 1983, 669-679.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      781.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Welsch, Th.; Engewald, W.; Berger, P., IX. Das gas-chromatographische Retentionsverhalten isomerer Octine and Octadiine, Chromatographia, 11(1), 1978, 5-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: Ar; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schomburg, G., Struktur und Retentionsverhalten von Offenkettigen und Cyclischen Kohlenwasserstoffen und Deren Einfacher Substitutionsprodukte, Anal. Chim. Acta., 38, 1967, 45-64., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Majer, P.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane, Anal. Chem., 45(2), 1973, 293-302., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.E., Topological analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic behavior of alkenes, Anal. Chem., 49(6), 1977, 747-756.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines, in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      784 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines, in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 55 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Fedosova, A.K.; Kvasova, V.A., Individual composition of hydrocarbons in naphthas from secondary processes, Chem. Technol. Fuels Oils (Engl. Transl.), 11(1/2), 1975, 59-64., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Vernon, F.; Edwards, G.T., Gas-liquid chromatography on fluorinated stationary phases. I. Hydrocarbons and fluorocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 110, 1975, 73-80.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      783.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      784.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782.67 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schomburg, G.; Dielmann, G., Identification by means of retention parameters, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 11, 1973, 151-159., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schomburg, G.; Dielmann, G., Use of retention increments for identification and correlation of saturated and unsaturated cyclopropane hydrocarbons by means of Kovats indices, Anal. Chem., 45(9), 1973, 1647-1658.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schomburg, G.; Dielmann, G., Use of retention increments for identification and correlation of saturated and unsaturated cyclopropane hydrocarbons by means of Kovats indices, Anal. Chem., 45(9), 1973, 1647-1658.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      781.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcenes, cyclopentenes et -hexenes a l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 5, 1972, 229-239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 45 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcenes, cyclopentenes et -hexenes a l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 5, 1972, 229-239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Bucinska, A., Open tubular column gas chromatography of dehydrogenation products of C6-C10 n-alkanes. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. Chromatogr., 51, 1970, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 115 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Bucinska, A., Open tubular column gas chromatography of dehydrogenation products of C6-C10 n-alkanes. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. Chromatogr., 51, 1970, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      779 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      847 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      850 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      851 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      852 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(1), 1987, 14-18.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      847.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 21(1), 1972, 39-47., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcenes, cyclopentenes et -hexenes a l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 5, 1972, 229-239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      847.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 21(1), 1972, 39-47., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcenes, cyclopentenes et -hexenes a l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 5, 1972, 229-239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      848.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 21(1), 1972, 39-47., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcenes, cyclopentenes et -hexenes a l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 5, 1972, 229-239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      849.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: PEG 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 21(1), 1972, 39-47., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol 4000; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcenes, cyclopentenes et -hexenes a l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 5, 1972, 229-239.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      783 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) => 2C/min =>200C =>15C/min =>250C (30min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 101, 2007, 1279-1284., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6564-6571., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, X., Quantitative structure-property relationship study on analysis of retention index of organic compound in gas chromatography, Chemical World (Chinese), 42(8), 2001, 403-406., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      793 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(5min) =>3C/min =>180C =>20C/min => 280C(10min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Merle, H.; Verdeguer, M.; Blazquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Eriocephalus africanus L. var. africanus populations growing in Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 461-464.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berlioz, B.; Cordella, C.; Cavalli, J.-F.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Fernandez, X., Comparison of the amounts of volatile compounds in French protected designation of origin virgin olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 10092-10101., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Malamakhov, A.C., Evaluation of Molecular Weights of Organic Compounds based on Retention Parameters at Chromato-Spectral Analysys. Additional Criterion of Molecular Ions' Identification, Vestn. St. Petersb. Univ. Ser. 4: Fiz. Khim, , 1987, 101-106, In original 101-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 75-82., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C(2min)=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=>3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: CP-Sil5 CB MS; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1179-1184., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 75-82., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pellicer, L.V., Comparison of Sensory Characteristics, and Instrumental flavor Compounds Analysis of Milk Produced by Three Proction Methods. A Thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri-Columbia, 2007., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 100 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. 1. Fraction boiling at yp to 160 0C, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 48(1), 1999, 30-39., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Kubinec, R.; Jurdakova, H.; Hajekova, E.; Bajus, M., GC-MS of polyethylene and polypropylene thermal cracking produxts, Petroleum & Coal, 48(1), 2006, 1-14., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SP-2100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alencar, J.W.; Alves, P.B.; Craveiro, A.A., Pyrolysis of tropical vegetable oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1268-1270., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 16 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hackett, J.P.; Gibbon, G.A.; Feldman, J.A., Capillary Gas Chromatographic Characterization of Fischer-Tropsch Liquefaction Product Oils, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 23, 1985, 285-292., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhu, X.; Wang, W., The relationship between partition coefficients of hydrocarbons and their retention indices, Acta Scientific Circumstantiae, 21(5), 2001, 631-633.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) ^ 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 39, 2005, 6707-6718., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Francais, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 29, 1997, 405-410., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 54 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Ventura, K., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Volatile Products of Thermal Degradation of Bitumen, Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Rus.), , 1991, 1974-1979, In original 1974-1979.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      797 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 4 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Celite (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Swoboda, P.A.T.; Lea, C.H., The flavour volatiles of fats and fat-containing foods. II - a gas chromatographic investigation of volatile autoxidation products from sunflower oil, J. Sci. Food Agriculture, 16(11), 1965, 680-689., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6572-6577.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      784.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50C => 49.9C/min =>5C(3min) =>3C/min =>50C=>5C/min =>220C(20 min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cooke, K.M.; Hassoun, S.; Sanders, S.M.; Pilling, M.J., Identification and quantification of volatile organic compounds found in a eucalyptus forest during FIELDVOC'94 in Portugal, Chemosphere Global Change Science, 3, 2001, 249-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.04 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 24(6), 1999, 729-732.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l'initiative du IX., , 1962, 132-140., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Spieksma, W., Determination of vapor liquid equilibrium from the Kovats retention index on dimethylsilicone using the Wilson mixing tool, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 22(10), 1999, 565-588.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C =>4C/min =>130C => 8C/min =>250 C (10min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 60, 2003, 755-764., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Adamova, M.; Orinak, A.; Halas, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 1087, 2005, 131-141., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pellicer, L.V., Comparison of Sensory Characteristics, and Instrumental flavor Compounds Analysis of Milk Produced by Three Proction Methods. A Thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri-Columbia, 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 4 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Celite (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Swoboda, P.A.T.; Lea, C.H., The flavour volatiles of fats and fat-containing foods. II - a gas chromatographic investigation of volatile autoxidation products from sunflower oil, J. Sci. Food Agriculture, 16(11), 1965, 680-689., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schomburg, G., Gaschromatographische Retentionsdaten und Struktur Chemischer Verbindungen. II. Methylverzweigungen und Doppelbindungen in Offenkettigen Kohlenwasserstoffen, J. Chromatogr., 23, 1966, 1-17., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 74.6 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasoline boiling below 100 C, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 7(2), 1989, 88-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      779 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dahlmann, G.; Koser, H.J.K.; Oelert, H.H., Multiple korrelation von retentionsindizes, Chromatographia, 12(10), 1979, 665-671., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      804 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Celite C-22; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Huguet, M., Kovats retention indices in the qualitative analysis of light hydrocarbons by gas chromatography, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate et de chromatographie, 1961, 69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Luo, J.; Agnew, M.P., Gas characteristics before and after biofiltration treating odorous emissions from animal rendering processes, Environ. Technol., 22(9), 2001, 1091-1103.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=> 5C/min => 200C =>20C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 64, 2004, 458-466., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>5C/min=>200C=>20C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: El-Massry, K.F.; El-Ghorab, A.H.; Shaaban, H.A.; Shibamoto, T., Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egipt, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(12), 2009, 5265-5270., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1265-1269., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Meynier, A.; Novelli, E.; Chissolinim, R.; Zanardi, E.; Gandemer, G., Volatile compounds of commercial Milano salami, Meat Sci., 51, 1999, 175-183., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Francais, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 29, 1997, 405-410.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.10 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 110, 2008, 751-761., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H.; Zawirska-Wojtasiak, R.; Wasowicz, E., Application of headspace - solid phase microextraction and multivariate analysis for plant oils differentiation, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 515-522.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      784 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: MDN-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jelen, H.H.; Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, J., Volatile compounds of Aspergillus strains with different abilities to produce ochratoxin A, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 1678-1683.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guedes, A.P.; Amorim, L.R.; Vicente, A.M.S.; Ramos, G.; Fernandes-Ferreira, M., Essential oils from plants and in vitro shoots of Hypericum androsaemum L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 1399-1404.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      799 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, C.; Martin, A.; Timon, M.L.; Cordoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the 'bone taint' spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 30, 2000, 61-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shoenmakers, P.J.; Oomen, J.L.M.M.; Blomberg, J.; Genuit, W.; van Velzen, G., Comparison of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the characterization of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 892, 2000, 29-46.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Comparison of different methods for collection of volatile chemical markers from fungi, J. Microbiol. Methods, 24, 1995, 135-144.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Haney, C.A.; Merkle, J.A.; Larick, D.K., Using GC/MS for the identification of volatile and semi-volatile components in food, MS Application note, 1993, 7.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jean, F.-I.; Garneau, F.-X.; Collin, G.J.; Bouhajib, M.; Zamir, L.O., The essential oil and glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Taxus canadensis marsh, J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 1993, 7-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      773 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45 0C (15 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 75 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Supelcowax 10; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Some aspects of dynamic headspace analysis of volatile components in honey, Foog Res. International, 41, 2008, 838-848., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6564-6571.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6572-6577.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      892 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3463-3469.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      835.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      850 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Horiuchi, M.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of volatile compounds formed from fish oil heated with cysteine and trimethylamine oxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5232-5237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      822 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds identified in headspace samples of peanut oil heated under temperatures ranging from 50 to 200 C, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(9), 1993, 1467-1470.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 822, 1998, 233-251., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: de Feo, V.; Urrunaga Soria, E.; Urrunaga Soria, R.; Senatore, F., Chemical composition of essential oils of senecio nutans Sch.-Bip. (Asteraceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 234-236.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Determination of hydrocarbon components in petroleum naphthas, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 175 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Helmig, D.; Klinger, L.F.; Guenther, A.; Vierling, L.; Geron, C.; Zimmerman, P., Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions (BVOCs). I. Identifications from three continental sites in the U.S., Chemosphere, 38(9), 1999, 2163-2187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Helmig, D.; Pollock, W.; Greenberg, J.; Zimmerman, P., Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Takeda, I., Use of literature values of temperature programmed retention indexes in qualitative analysis by isothermal gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 824-828., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Description: 40C(5min)=>10C/min =>200C or 250C (60min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordonez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 649-657.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.99 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 8, 1985, 230-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.04 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 8, 1985, 230-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.05 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 8, 1985, 230-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 108 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Adamova, M.; Orinak, A.; Halas, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 1087, 2005, 131-141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C=>5K/min=120C=>10C/min=>270C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zaikin, V.G.; Borisov, R.S., Chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of Fishcer-Tropsch synthesis products, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 57(6), 2002, 544-551, In original 653-660., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 0 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Cooper, S.L.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S.; Sinclair, L.A.; Wilkinson, R.G.; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 69, 2005, 233-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Insausti, K.; Goni, V.; Petri, E.; Gorraiz, C.; Beriain, M.J., Effect of weight at slaughter on the volatile compounds of cooked beef from Spanish cattle breeds, Meat Sci., 70, 2005, 83-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC*GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2003, 665-682.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791.72 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 8, 1985, 230-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791.76 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 8, 1985, 230-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791.77 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 8, 1985, 230-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      799 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Chromosorb 101; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Voorhees, K.J.; Hileman, F.D.; Einhorn, I.N., Generation of retention index standards by pyrolysis of hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 47(14), 1975, 2385-2389.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Nisyrios, I.; Mottram, D.S., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of walnuts (Juglans regia L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 501-506.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(8min) => 4C/min =>60C =>6C/min => 160C => 20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 111660; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Radovic, B.S.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M.; Gerboles, M.; Anklam, E., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods section. Contribution of dynamic headspace GC-MS analysis of aroma compounds to authenticity testing of honey, Food Chem., 72, 2001, 511-520.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      831 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111660; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 120.9±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 17.9±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 34.1±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 21.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.413
Molar Refractivity: 38.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.50
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.25
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1003.52
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 4898.82
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.25
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1003.52
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 4898.82
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 15.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 22.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 155.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.13
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  4.57
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  118.13  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -69.84  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  16.5  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -109 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  123 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.74E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  3.885
       log Kow used: 4.57 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  4.1 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  3.9536 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  4.10
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.32E-001  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.07E+000  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 6.27E-01  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  6.271E-001 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.57  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  1.409  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  3.161
      Log Koa (experimental database):  3.350

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8026
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9630
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.2495  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9549  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6444
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8233
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.3482
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   0.7050
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :   5.0696

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.32E+003 Pa (17.4 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 3.350
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.29E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.5E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.67E-008 
       Mackay model           :  1.03E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.4E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  33.0041 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.324 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     3.889 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =     1.200000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.955 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     22.920 Hrs
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.51E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  506.7
      Log Koc:  2.705 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.819 (BCF = 659)
       log Kow used: 4.57 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.627 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.082  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      100.6  hours   (4.193 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              99.70  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.11  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    35.91  percent
    Total to Air:               63.68  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       4.73            6.33         1000       
   Water     44.5            360          1000       
   Soil      31              720          1000       
   Sediment  19.8            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 137 hr




                    

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