ChemSpider 2D Image | Pyrazine | C4H4N2

Pyrazine

  • Molecular FormulaC4H4N2
  • Average mass80.088 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass80.037445 Da
  • ChemSpider ID8904

More details:



Featured data source



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1,4-Diazabenzene
290-37-9 [RN]
Pyrazin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pyrazine [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Pyrazine [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
[290-37-9]
1,4-Diazin
1,4-diazine
1758-62-9 [RN]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

82610_FLUKA [DBID]
AIDS059772 [DBID]
AIDS-059772 [DBID]
CCRIS 1331 [DBID]
CHEBI:30953 [DBID]
MFCD00006122 [DBID]
NSC 400221 [DBID]
NSC400221 [DBID]
P56003_ALDRICH [DBID]
W401501_ALDRICH [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      deliquescent crystals or wax-like solid with a pungent, sweet, corn-like, nutty odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Pyrazine
      white crystals or powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with acids, oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      IPR-MUS LD50 2730 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-36/37/38 Alfa Aesar 16326, A13982
      16-26-37 Alfa Aesar A13982
      26-37-60 Alfa Aesar 16326, A13982
      4.1 Alfa Aesar 16326, A13982
      7-26-33-37-43 Alfa Aesar 16326
      Danger Biosynth Q-100368
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar A13982
      FLAMMABLE Matrix Scientific 001010
      FLAMMABLE / IRRITANT Alfa Aesar 16326
      GHS02; GHS07 Biosynth Q-100368
      H228; H315; H319; H335 Biosynth Q-100368
      H228-H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar 16326, A13982
      Irritant SynQuest 3H32-1-8N
      P210; P261; P305+P351+P338 Biosynth Q-100368
      P210-P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar 16326, A13982
      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar 16326, A13982
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      668 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_230075, replib_19253
      722 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Zhuravleva, I.L., Gas chromatographic indicator of the ability of five- and six-membered heterocyclic nitrogen-containing compounds for self-association in pure liquids, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 48(4), 1999, 726-729., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 325-328., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Krikunova, N.I., The influence of alkyl substituents on the chromatographic indicator of self-association of N-containing heterocyclic compounds, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 321-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      704 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      706 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      772 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      696 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Chromosorb W HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Osmialowski, K.; Halkiewicz, J.; Radecki, A.; Kaliszan, R., Quantum chemical parameters in correlation analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of amines, J. Chromatogr., 346, 1985, 53-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      718 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      712 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      721 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      715 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DC-200; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 28-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      740 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Viani, R.; Muggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l'arome de cafe, Helv. Chim. Acta, 48(195-196), 1965, 1809-1815.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1219 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1206 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1216 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1196 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1200 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1260 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 152 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      739 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      731 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Methyl phenyl siloxane (not specified); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Poligne, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Effects of salting, drying, cooking, and smoking operations on volatile compound formation and collor patterns in pork, Food Eng. Physical Properties, 67(8), 2002, 2976-2986.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      696 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qi, Y.; Yang, J.; Xu, L., correlation analysis of the structures and gas liquid chromatographic retention indices of amines, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 28(2), 2000, 223-227.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      701 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of volatile generation in serine/threonine/glutamine-ribose/glucose/fructose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 643-647.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      709 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated in serine-monosaccharide model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(4), 1998, 1518-1522.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      714 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermal degradation of glucosamine in a dry system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1971-1974.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      711 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robacker, D.C.; Bartelt, R.J., Chemicals attractive to Mexican fruit fly from Klebsiella pneumoniae and Citrobacter freundii cultures sampled by solid-phase microextraction MICROEXTRACTION, J. Chem. Ecol., 23(12), 1997, 2897-2915., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Wang, M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal degradation of N-acetylglucosamine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 3207-3209.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      722 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      710 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Masuda, H.; Mihara, S., Use of modified molecular connectivity indices to predict retention indices of monosubstituted alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, phenoxy and (phenylthio)pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 366, 1986, 373-377., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 1005-1009., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy identification of volatiles from rancid oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1093-1095.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      723 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, G.; Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Generation of flavor compounds by the reaction of 2-deoxyglucose with selected amino acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 233-236.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      706 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Volatile flavor components of corn tortillas and related products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1878-1882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Stern, D.J.; Ling, L.C., Studies on flavor volatiles of some sweet corn products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(3), 1994, 791-795.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      716 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal reaction of methionine and methionine sulfoxide with or without glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1641-1646.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      712 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 1005-1009.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      718 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      708 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 1011-1015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      724.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      705.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 8 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 57 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      734 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C =>4C/min =>130C => 8C/min =>250 C (10min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 60, 2003, 755-764., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.00 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(2), 2009, 645-652.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      729 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      744 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 295 C; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      730 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>2C/min =>140C =>10C/min =>280C (10min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9956-9962., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Poligne, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Characterization of traditional processing of pork meat into boucane, Meat Sci., 59, 2001, 377-389.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      672 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>20C/min =>80C (1min) =>20C/min =>100C(1min) =>30C/min =>230C(3min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ho, C.W.; Wan Aida, W.M.; Maskat, M.Y.; Osman, H., Changes in volatile compounds of palm sap (Arenga pinnata) during the heating process for production of palm sugar, Food Chem., 102, 2007, 1156-1162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      740 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Quality and flavour stability of coffee substitute prepared by extrusion of wheat germ and chicory roots, Amino Acids, , 2006.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      738 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Samad, A.K.M.E.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Cocoa substitute: Evaluation of sensory qualities and flavour stability, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 125-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      731.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      732 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      741 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (3min)=>10C/min =>50C=> 4C/min =>200C => 50C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; Istasse, L., Evaluation of two commercial solid-phase microextraction fibres for the analysis of target aroma compounds in cooked beef meat, Talanta, 61, 2003, 529-537.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      744.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 86.3 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Effects of carosine on volatile generation from Maillard reaction of ribose and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2372-2376.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      733 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 30 0C/min -> 60 0C (1 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Didzbalis, J.; Ho, C.-T., Analysis of low molecular weight aldehydes formed during the Mallard reaction, ACS Symposium Series, 794, 2001, 196-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      736.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vercellotti, J.R.; Kuan, J.-C.W.; Liu, R.H.; Legendre, M.G.; St Angelo, A.J.; Dupuy, H.P., Analysis of volatile heteroatomic meat flavor principles by purge-and-trap/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(6), 1987, 1030-1035.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1231 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 70 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(13), 2009, 5823-5831., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1201 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9956-9962.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1194 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1212 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1232 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1196 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1214 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1197 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fujioka, K.; Shibamoto, T., Quantitation of volatiles and nonvolatile acids in an extract from coffee beverages: correlation with antioxidant activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 6054-6058.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1217 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Osada, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile extracts from Maillard model systems, Food Chem., 98, 2006, 522-528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1210 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1218 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C =>10C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 68, 2000, 167-174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1207 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2764-2769., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Orts, W.J.; Takeoka, G.R.; Nam, Y., Volatile flavor components of rice cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 4353-4356.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1241 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1231.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramos, E.; Valero, E.; Ibanez, E.; Reglero, G.; Tabera, J., Obtention of a brewed coffee aroma extract by an optimized supercritical CO2-based process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4011-4016.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1180 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubota, K.; Nakamoto, A.; Moriguchi, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Ishii, H., Formation of pyrrolidino[1,2-e]-4H-2,4-dimethyl-1,3,5-dithiazine in the volatiles of boiled short-necked clam, clam, and corbicula, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(6), 1991, 1127-1130.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1215 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wong, J.M.; Bernhard, R.A., Effect of nitrogen source on pyrazine formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(1), 1988, 123-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1179 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1206 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 39 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 170(3), 1980, 208-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1207.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Wilson, R.A.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of pyrazines present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 871-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1195.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1227.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Anakrom AB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilkens, W.F.; Lin, F.M., Volatile flavor components of deep fat-fried soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(3), 1970, 337-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1212.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 13 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Diatoport S (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      711 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bartelt, R.J., Calibration of a commercial solid-phase microextraction device for measuring headspace concentrations of organic volatiles, Anal. Chem., 69, 1997, 364-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      707 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.248 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: DeMilo, A.B.; Lee, C.-J.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Identification of volatiles derived from Citrobacter freundii fermentation of a trypticase soy broth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 607-612.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      710 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Izzo, H.V.; Ho, C.-T., Isolation and identification of the volatile components of an extruded autolyzed yeast extract, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 2245-2248., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V., Study of the composition of volatiles in raw and processed sardine by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Zh. Anal. Khim., 51(7), 1996, 791-795.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      702 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Strashnenko, E.S.; Medvedeva, I.B., Sorbtion-structural mass-spectrometric characteristics of volatile components of model systems and flavor compounds with meat odor, Zh. Anal. Khim., 49(7), 1994, 722-728.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      734 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1427-1436., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oh, Y.-C.; Hartman, T.G.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from the Maillard reaction of pro-gly, gly-pro, and a mixture of glycine and proline with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1878-1880.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      706 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Dorjpalam, B.; Ho, C.-T., Contribution of peptides to volatile formation in the Maillard reaction of casein hydrolysate with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 2467-2471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      710.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Sagalovich, V.P., Prediction of retention indices for methyl-substituted pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography with linear programming, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46(4), 1991, 727-735.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      710.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Sagalovich, V.P., Prediction of retention indices for methyl-substituted pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography with linear programming, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46(4), 1991, 727-735.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      713.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Sagalovich, V.P., Prediction of retention indices for methyl-substituted pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography with linear programming, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46(4), 1991, 727-735.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      703 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Yakovleva, V.N.; Vitt, S.V., Pyrazines formed in model glycerin-water systems, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 40(9), 1991, 1742-1748, In original 1972-1979.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      738 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oh, Y.-C.; Shu, C.-K.; Ho, C.-T., Some volatile compounds formed from thermal interaction of glucose with glycine, diglycine, triglycine, and tetraglycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1553-1554.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      713 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Supelcoport and Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      757 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min)=> 3C/min => 209C=>20C/min => 280C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lu, C.-Y.; Hao, Z.; Payne, R.; Ho, C.-T., Effects of water content on volatile generation and peptide degradation in the Maillard reaction of glycine, diglycine, and triglycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6443-6447.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      740 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1118-1125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      736 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      750 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4315-4323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      739 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C (2min) => 4C/min =>280C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 55, 2000, 149-159., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) =>4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Aroma volatiles generated during extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1479-1487., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      745 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: oC(5min) =>60C/min => 60C (5min) =>4C/min =>250C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3497-3506.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      760 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 1619-1625.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1207 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1209 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1418-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1223 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lopez-Galilea I.; Fournier N.; Cid C.; Guichard E., Changes in headspace volatile concentrations of coffee brews caused by the roasting process and the brewing procedure, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8560-8566.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1243 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min) =>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min => 220C (13.5min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Steinhart, H., Identification and evaluation of volatile odor-active pollutants from different odor emission sources in the food industry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 220, 2005, 226-231., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min)=>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min =>220C(13.5min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Schlegelmilch, M.; Streese, J.; Stegmann, R.; Steinhart, H., Analytical determination of the suitability of different processes for the treatment of odorous waste gas, Waste Management, 25, 2005, 908-916.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1228 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Adamiec, J.; Rossner, J.; Velisek, J.; Cejpek, K.; Savel, J., Minor Strecker degradation products of phenylalanine and phenylglycine, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 135-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1204 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>(6C/min)=>80C(6min)=>(15C/min)=>200C(10min); CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baek, H.H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile compounds in flavor concentrates produced from crayfish-processing byproducts with and without protease treatment, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3262-3267.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1213 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2280-2287.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1253 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1257 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3601-3605.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1210 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 58(6), 1993, 1203-1207.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1224 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1196 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 290379; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 187, 1988, 209-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 118.6±13.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 19.7±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 34.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 55.6±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.503
Molar Refractivity: 22.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -0.28
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.05
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 22.46
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.05
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 22.46
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 8.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 44.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 75.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.06
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -0.26
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  124.28  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -11.22  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  9.66  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  55 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  115 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.08E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 21.4 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.181e+005
       log Kow used: -0.26 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  5.4309e+005 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.92E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   6.74E-009  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.668E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.26  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.923  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  3.663
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7094
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8666
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0222  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7322  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5067
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6669
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.4544
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.85E+003 Pa (21.4 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 3.663
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.05E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.13E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  3.8E-008 
       Mackay model           :  8.41E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  9.04E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.2300 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    46.504 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 6.1E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  17.93
      Log Koc:  1.254 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.26 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.92E-006 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      180.4  hours   (7.515 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       2043  hours   (85.11 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.01  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.75  percent
    Total to Air:                0.17  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       8.13            1.12e+003    1000       
   Water     44.3            360          1000       
   Soil      47.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0814          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 382 hr




                    

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