ChemSpider 2D Image | 1-hexadecanal | C16H32O

1-hexadecanal

  • Molecular FormulaC16H32O
  • Average mass240.425 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass240.245316 Da
  • ChemSpider ID959

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1-hexadecanal
211-111-0 [EINECS]
629-80-1 [RN]
Hexadecanal [ACD/Index Name]
Palmitaldehyd [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Palmitaldehyde [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Palmitaldéhyde [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Palmitic aldehyde
palmitoyl aldehyde
[629-80-1]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

. [DBID]
WQD27655QE [DBID]
AI3-24252 [DBID]
C00517 [DBID]
CHEBI:17600 [DBID]
LMFA06000088 [DBID]
PH7 [DBID]
PLM [DBID]
UNII:WQD27655QE [DBID]
UNII-WQD27655QE [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1800 (estimated with error: 45) NIST Spectra mainlib_376699, replib_158514, replib_11559
      1820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Verma, S.C.; Dhawan, S.; Khan, M.; Ramesh, S.; Singh, S.C.; Yadav, A.; Srivastava, S.K., Essential oil composition of Murraya exotica from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 140-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1807 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min=>220C(5min) =>3C/min =>245C(5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha * piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 437-440.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1812 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C => 5C/min => 220C (5min) => 3C/min => 245 C (5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Yadav, A.K., Chemical composition of fruit and stem essential oils of Lantana camara from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 376-379., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 C ^ 5 C/min -> 220 C (5 min) ^ 3 C/min -> 245 C (5 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Singh, M.; Naqvi, A.A., Chemical composition of leaf and flower essential oil of Lantana camara from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 75-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shawl, A.S.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Tripathi, S.; Raina, V.K., Essential oil composition of Achillea millefolium L. growing wild in Kashmir, India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 165-168.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1784 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1818 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 227-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1817 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 20 K/min -> 70 0C ^ 9 K/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stojanovic, G.; Palic, R.; Alagic, S.; Zekovic, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and CO2 extracts of semi-oriental tobacco, Otlja, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 335-338.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1830 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 3. A novel method for trapping volatile components from uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(6), 1993, 933-938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1831 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 4. Fractionation, characterization, and quantitation of volatiles from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(6), 1993, 939-945.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1789 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sarkhail, P.; Amin, G.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the essential oil of Phlomis persica Boiss and Phlomis chorassanica Bunge from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1792 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Merle, H.; Blazquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. flowers in the western Mediterranean area, in International Symposium on Loquat, April 11-13, 2002 (CIHEAM-IAMZ, 2003, p. 191-193), Llacer,G.; Badenes,M.L., ed(s), Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Mediterranean, Valencia, Spain, 2002, 191-193., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; Start time: 20 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gancel, A.-L.; Olle, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 416-424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1794 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (1 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (5 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wakamura, S.; Hattori, M.; Igita, K.; Yasuda, K.; Tridjaka, Sex pheromone of Etiella behrii, a pod borer of soybean in Indonesia: identification and field attraction, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 91, 1999, 413-420., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 36(6), 1989, 455-462., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 53(6), 1989, 1721-1723., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 37(12), 1990, 946-952., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1797 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 53(6), 1989, 1721-1723.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1825 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Substrate: Gas-Chrom Q (800-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Phillipou, G.; Poulos, A., GAs chromatography-mass spectrometry of fatty aldehydes and their oxime derivatives, Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 22, 1978, 51-54.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1844 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 4(4), 2010, 211-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1827 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1830 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Influence of the simultaneous addition of the protease flavourzyme and the lipase novozyme 677BG on dry fermented sausage compounds extracted by SDE and analyzed by GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2395-2400., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 61(5), 2007, 272-277., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 25-30., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 94, 2006, 394-398., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Rostami, B., The essential oil composition of Teucrium chamaedrys L. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 544-546., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: PE-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 427-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quere, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1257-1261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1816 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 109, 2008, 506-514., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1807 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 65, 2007, 217-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1814 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>3C/min =>200C =>2C/min =>220C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moronkola, D.O.; Ogunwande, I.A.; Walker, T.M.; Setzer, W.N.; Oyewole, I.O., Identification of the main volatile compounds in the leaf and flower of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) Gray, J. Nat. Med., 61, 2007, 63-66., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 344-346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1815 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 43(2), 2007, 228-229.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 61(5), 2007, 272-277.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1813 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Setzer, W.N.; Noletto, J.A.; Lawton, R.O., Chemical composition of the floral essential oil of Randia matudae from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 244-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ai-Nong, Y.; Bao-Guo, S., Flavour substances of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon, Food Chem., 89, 2005, 227-233.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1826 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 4 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min =>120C =>10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 34, 2001, 67-75., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 27(1), 1988, 85-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1828 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Madruga, M.S.; Arruda, S.G.B.; Narain, N.; Souza, J.G., Castration and slaughter age effects on panel assessment and aroma compounds of the "mestico" goat meat, Meat Sci., 56, 2000, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 24, 2000, 145-158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1827.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Potter, T.L., Essential oil composition of cilantro, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 1824-1826.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1822 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 773-778.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2100 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30 0C (5 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 130 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Galvao, M. deS.; Ferreira, D.DaS.; Navarro, D.M.A.F., Flavor biogeneration in Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) fruit, BioEng. Campinas, 1(1), 2007, 25-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2135 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10 min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kirimer, N.; Tabanca, N.; Ozek, T.; Tumen, G.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oils of annual Sideritis species growing in Turkey, Pharm. Biol., 38(2), 2000, 106-111., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C (10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Can Baser, K.H.; Bedir, E.; Khan, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 1117, 2006, 194-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2121 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gancel, A.-L.; Olle, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 416-424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2143 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (1 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (5 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wakamura, S.; Hattori, M.; Igita, K.; Yasuda, K.; Tridjaka, Sex pheromone of Etiella behrii, a pod borer of soybean in Indonesia: identification and field attraction, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 91, 1999, 413-420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2098 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubota, K.; Nakamoto, A.; Moriguchi, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Ishii, H., Formation of pyrrolidino[1,2-e]-4H-2,4-dimethyl-1,3,5-dithiazine in the volatiles of boiled short-necked clam, clam, and corbicula, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(6), 1991, 1127-1130.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Paolini, J.; Muselli, A.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Costa, J., Thymol derivatives from essential oil of Doronicum corsicum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 479-487., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1782 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; Konig, W.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of three wood-rotting fungi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 813-816.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1815 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ayop, N.; Ahmad, A.S., Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 601-604., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Kumar, A.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Kahol, A.P., Essential oil composition of 'kewda' (Pandanus odoratissimus) from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 434-436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1793 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 275-281.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Chapter 9. The identification of aroma compounds in key lime oil using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 100-112., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1761 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Chapter 9. The identification of aroma compounds in key lime oil using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 100-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1794 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1835 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zaikin, V.G., Personal communication: Retention indices measured during 2010, 2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1811 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>4C/min =>220C=>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sampaio, T.S.; Nogueira, P.C.L., Volatile components of mangaba fruit (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) at three stages of maturity, Food Chem., 95, 2006, 606-610., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: PE-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.A.; Vinogorova, V.T., GC-MS analysis of compounds extracted from buds of Populus balsamifera and Populus nigra, Z. Naturforsch. C:, 58, 2003, 355-360., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Quijano, C.E.; Salamanca, G.; Pino, J.A., Aroma volatile constituents of Colombian varieties of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 401-406., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1822 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kukic J.; Petrovic S.; Pavlovic M.; Couladis M.; Tzakou O.; Niketic M., Composition of essential oil of Stachys alpina L. ssp dinarica Murb., Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 539-542.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1808 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>80C(1min) =>5C/min =>150C => 10C/min =>280C (4min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3391-3401.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1831 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(0.2min)=>3C/min => 186C =>10K/min => 240C(5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Eyres, G.; Dufour, J.-P.; Hallifax, G.; Sotheeswaran, S.; Marriott, P.J., Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC*GC-TOFMS), J. Sep. Sci., 28, 2005, 1061-1074.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Marques, F.A.; McElfresh, J.S.; Millar, J.G., Kovats retention indexes of monounsaturated C12, C14, and C16 alcohols, acetates and aldehydes commonly found in lepidopteran pheromone blends, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 11(6), 2000, 592-599., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 31, 2003, 1417-1425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1817 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fokialakis, N.; Melliou, E.; Magiatis, P.; Harvala, C.; Mitaku, S., Composition of the steam volatiles of six Euphorbia spp. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 39-42., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn & Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 7-11., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Cerastium candidissimum, a Greek endemic species, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 174-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1818 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (1min) =>5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1345-1352., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lalel, H.J.D.; Singh, Z.; Chye Tan, S., Glycosidically-bound aroma volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit at different stages of maturity, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 29, 2003, 205-218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1821 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12.3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 350 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Dugo, G., Identification of complex samples by Fast-GC/MS using linear retention indices in conjunction with the MS-library, 2000.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1798 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 14 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baloga, D.W.; Reineccius, G.A.; Miller, J.W., Characterization of ham flavor using an atomic emission detector, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2021-2026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2119 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Paolini, J.; Muselli, A.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Costa, J., Thymol derivatives from essential oil of Doronicum corsicum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 479-487.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2132 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Basset, B.; Cohen, S.; Payot, T.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled Calvados and Cognac: Carbonyl and sulphur compounds, J. Food Comp. Anal., 19, 2006, 28-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2146 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 275-281.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2153 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Supelcowax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2154 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Supelcowax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Chapter 9. The identification of aroma compounds in key lime oil using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 100-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2164 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Supelcowax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2094 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brunton, N.P.; Cronin, D.A.; Monahan, F.J., Volatile components associated with freshly cooked and oxidized off-flavours in turkey breast meat, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 327-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2124 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moreira, R.F.A.; Trugo, L.C.; Pietroluongo, M.; de Maria, C.A.B., Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7616-7621.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2123 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 1547-1552.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2120 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Marques, F.A.; McElfresh, J.S.; Millar, J.G., Kovats retention indexes of monounsaturated C12, C14, and C16 alcohols, acetates and aldehydes commonly found in lepidopteran pheromone blends, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 11(6), 2000, 592-599.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2109 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Release of volatile odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5161-5168.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2137 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 984-988., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Off-flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 1323-1327.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 297.8±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 53.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 138.9±6.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.440
Molar Refractivity: 76.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 14
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 7.28
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 7.30
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 207644.45
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 222696.55
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 7.30
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 207644.45
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 222696.55
Polar Surface Area: 17 Å2
Polarizability: 30.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 29.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 290.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  6.71

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  314.82  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  46.73  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00072  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  35 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.000885 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.04974
       log Kow used: 6.71 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.078879 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aldehydes

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   3.58E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   7.56E-003  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.579E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  6.71  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.835  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.545
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0261
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9998
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9885  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9666  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   1.1005
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9874
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.9252
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.118 Pa (0.000885 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.545
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.54E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  8.61E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000917 
       Mackay model           :  0.00203 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000688 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  42.9616 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.249 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     2.988 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.00147 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  7897
      Log Koc:  3.897 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.966 (BCF = 925.4)
       log Kow used: 6.71 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.00756 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.702  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      148.6  hours   (6.191 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              93.83  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.76  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    91.99  percent
    Total to Air:                1.08  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.262           5.98         1000       
   Water     4.51            360          1000       
   Soil      31.7            720          1000       
   Sediment  63.5            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 1.09e+003 hr




                    

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